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          mgm集团足球在线客户端官网

          mgm集团足球在线客户端官网: 2020年3月5日拟作出建设项目环境影响报告书(表)审批意见的公示(福安市湾坞西片区污水处理二厂工程)

          时间:2020-03-30 18:52:20 作者:梁朝阳 浏览量:467846

          mgm集团足球在线客户端官网Beingofvitalsignificance,improvingpeopleslivelihoodis,especiallyaftertheconventionofthe16thCPCNationalCongress,Chinahasmademarkedprogressinthefieldsofimprovingpeopleslivelihood,whereasisfacinganumberofchallengesintheneweraincludingincompletesocialpolicysystem,,weshouldfurtherhighlightprioritiesandimprovethedevelopmentstrategyforpeoplesLivelihoodRequiresComprehensiveSocialEfforovingpeopleslivelihoodTheimprovementofpeopleslivelihoodrequiresthejointeffortsofindividuals,households,ocialprogress,,asthebasicunitofsocialactivities,playanirreplaceableroleinprovidingeconom,astheycanpromoteorganizedandstandardizedinterestexpression,coordinatetheinterestrelationshipbetweendifferentsocialgroupsinamoreefficientway,ialneedsatdifferentlevelsandfacilitatemutualhelp,nomicordera,wemustclarifyresponsibilitiesrespectivelyheldbytheindividuals,thehouseholds,andthestate,aswellasthosejointlysharedbytheindividuals,householdsandstateandthoseentrustedtosocialorganizations,inlightoftheeconomicdevelopment,publicneedsandfeaturesindifferentcasesandthegovernmentinetheattributesofallservicesasproducts,my,dailyneedsforclothing,food,housingandtransportationaremetbytheincomeoftheindividualandthehousehold;theold-aged,disabledandunemployedpeopleaswellasothervulnerablesocialgroupsshoulddependmoreonsocialinsuranceandsocialreliefsystem,,theassistanceissubjecttoastrictstandardalinsurance,overnment;andlifenecessitieslikepublictransportation,waterande,individualandhouseholds,socialorganizationsaremobilizedinmanycountrie,Chinahasmadegreatprogressinpolicymaking,butisstillbotheredbyunclearresponsibilities,,weshouldcarefullyanalyzeinternationalexperienceedfordifferentissuesconcerningpeopleslivelihood;besides,astandardadjustmenuldfocusonsystemconstructionandimprovementTheimprovementofpeopleslivelihoodrequiresthejointeffortsofthewholesociety,butthegovernmentplaysanundoubtedlycrucialandkeyrole,astheimprovementoftheeconomicandsocialorder,incomedistributionandcoordinationofinterestrelationshipsmustegovernmentresponsibilitiesforguaranteeingandimprovingpeopleslivelihoodisgenerallyclear,despitetheinfluenceofmanyfactorsandbehavior:first,,providetoeveryonewithopportunitiesasfairandfreeaspossible,encouragecompetition,laborandinnovation;second,,consideringthenaturaldifferenceincapabilityandendowmentofindividualsocialmembers,themarketrisksandacuteeffectsofexc,enhancingemployment,andintensifyingeffortsonbuildingafairmarkettopromoteequalprimaryincomedistribution,weshouldadjusttheresultoftheprimarydistributionbyusingpolicytoolssuchastax,socialsecurityandpublicservices;third,lyaddressthemarketmalfunctions,butalsoeffectivelyfulfillthefunctionofsecondaryincomedistribution,providefairerdevelopmentopportunitiesforvarioussocialmembers,significantlyenhancetheoverallwelfareandcreativityandpromotelastingandstableeconomicgrowth;andfourth,,weshouldbalancevariousinterestappealsandestablishandkeepimprovingandimplementingstrictlythelegalsystemonthatbasisandasperthedemocraticprinciple,safeguardpeople,weshouldestablishsmoothinterestexpressionchannelsandcoordinationanddialoguemechanismsthroughsystemconstruction,andachievewin-winresultsthroughmutualsupervisionandbalancebyindividuals,eandImprovementWithaviewtothesignificanceofpeopleslivelihoodtoeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandthelastingpeaceandstabilityofacountryandinlightofthepresentandfuturechallenges,weshouldobservetherequirementoftheCPCCentralCommitteetobuildaharmonioussocialistsocietyandreformguidelinesproposedinmanyimportantCPCconferences,reviewandsummarizedomesticandforeignexperience,,fulfillgovernmentresponsibilityandpromotesocialparticipationundertheprincipleoffairnessandharmonyandonthebasisofsystemconstructionandimprovement;andhighlightprotectionofpeopleseconomicandsocialrights,facilitateequalityandjusticebyaddressingpeoplesmajorconcernswhilefurtherimprovingpeoplesmaterialandculturallifeandallowingthemtobetterenjoythebenefitsofreformanddevelopment,soastolayasolidfoundationforlastingstabilityandharmony.ByTianJietang,ResearchTeamof"TransformingGrowthModelthroughTechnologicalAdvanceandInnovation",DepartmentofTechno-EconomicsResearchofDRCResearchReportNo205,2010ChinassoftwareindustryinrecentyearshasbeendevelopingexceptionallyfastandplayingimportantrolesinChina,thisindustrysdevelopmentalsoplaysirreplaceablerolesinenhancingindustrialinformatizationasElectronicInformationIndustryDuetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryin2009metdifficultiesindevelop%to5,%to2,,China%%%industrialshare,thesoftwareindustryhasbecomethemostpowerfwthIn2009,,%%sservicetradeexportpostedadramaticdecline,its,up35%,a10,000-square-meterlandspacecanattract1,000softwareengineersinindustrialbuildingsorinstandardpla,,whichisequivnassoftwarei,,theaverageprofitrateofChinassoftwareenterprisesisonly7%~8%,whichisfarlowerthanthe20%,thecorebusinessrevenueoflistedenterprisesaccountsforonly10%~15%ssoftwareserviceindustryasawholeis20%,whichisalsofarlowerthanthe40%profitrateinsomecountrieswheresoftwareindustryismature(quotedfromInvestinSoftwareIndustryWhenProspectsAreGoods,ChinaGuoxinWeeklyonTechnologicalIndustry,2008,9,1).TheInternationalDataCorporation(IDC),thesecondstageprojectmanagement,the,China,,andnearly70%~(IDC,WhitepaperonSoftwareCompanyGrowthRoadmap,2008,9).dustryCloudcomputingwillchange,itbreaksthetemporala,storage,broadban,theratioofasinglecomputerssystemsoftwareandintermediarycomponentsc,"cloudcomputing"service,sInnovationandDevelopmentChina,,,thegovernmentdepartmentshaveinTheresearchanddevelopmentofbasicsoftwareproducts,includingbothcoretechnologiesandsomekeygenerictechnologies,,i,theStateCouncilpromulgatedtheNationalPlanfortheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~"coreelectroniccomponents,high-endgeneralchipsandbasicsoftwareproducts"asoneofthe16majorresearchprojectsandenvisagedhea,,,ownedorsupportedbygovernmentdepartments,,whichhavebeentransformedintoenterprises,,,manyalliances,establishedwithgovernmentsupport,yImplementedChinasregiopatentedsoftware,insupportoftheNationalProgramontheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~%respondentsbelievegovernmentprocurementpolicyhasbeenfullyimplemented,%believethepolicyisnottrulyimplemented,%eignproducts;somegovernmentsareslowinupdatingprocurementcataloguesandunabletokeepupwiththelatestmarketinformationaboutproductqualityandprices;,,corporatelitigationcostsareveryhigh,,theoutsourcingofinformationandbusinesshts,customersare,andgovernmentdepartmentsfaincernandfearaboutbusinessoutsourcingandimpededthedevelopmentofthesoftwareindustry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

          ByDaiJianjun,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo123,2010Thecementindustryisabasicindustryconsumi,theworldadvancedcementmanufacturingcountrieshascementoutputhasrankedfirstintheworld,yetthereisstilladifferencebetweenChinademissionreductionforthecementindustryandtoboosttheupgradingoftheindustryisofvita:ToRealizeEnergyConservationandEnvironmentalProtectionthroughTechnicalInnovationByconsolidatingthetechnicalresearchanddevelopmentofthecirculareconomyofthecementindustry,developedcountriesareconstantlystridingforwardtowardsenergyconservationandenvironmentalprot.EnergyresourcesconservatonbyusingindustrialwastesandtrashtoproducecementThecementindustrycanusethemajorityoftoxicandharmfulwastesasblendedmaterialincement1,assubstitutecementrawmaterialorasthealternativefuelsforthecementkilnwithoutcausingsecondarypollution,withoutusingspecialequi,~2007,theaverageamountofthematerialblendedintocementwentupfrom7%%inJapan,11%%inGermanyand4%to6%esoftheblendedmaterialhasenabledthematerialtoreplacecementclinke,,theproportionofheatprovidedbyalternativefuelsofthecementindustryinaggregateheatconsumedbycementclinkerthroughoutthecountrywentupfrom15%orsoto40%~50%(80%inHolland,rankingtop)incountriesofWestandNorthEuropeandfrom5%to15%%~90%incountriesofWestEuropeand30%lewastes,incurringtheleakageoftheburnedashescausingsecondarypollution,therefore,,thecoalsubstitutionratepresentedbythealternativefuelsofthecementindustrycametoapproximately30%nTheheatfromexhaustgasdischargedfromcementproductionaccountsformorethan30%peratureexhaustgasdischargedfromthece,nearly80%ofthe64cementkilnsinvestedbyJapanwereinstalledwithlow-temperaturecogenerationequipment,recycling48%,theUSCementAssociationclaimedthatthenewdry-processcemelpollutionBulkcementcarriersarefavorableforresourceconservation,p,bulkcementcanbeloaded,transported,storedandusedinasealed-offwaydirectlywithspecialequipment(tank-bodiedvehicles,vesselsandwarehouses),reducingresourceconsumptiononthepackagi~1975,%%,%%inmid-1950sand90%in1970sandnowremainsat95%,BritainandNorthEuropeancountriesallremainsaround70%.Inrecentyears,handling,transportationandstorageofcementpackedinbulkhavebeenalsorequiredinAsianandSoutheastAsiancountries(suchasSouthKoreaandSingapore).mentIndustrythroughTechnicalInnovationThecementind,thereweremorethan5,000cementmanufacturingenterprisesinChina,,%ofthenationaltotal,withlargeamountsofmineralresources,suchaslimestone,clayandgypsum,%ofthenationaltotal,theamountofdust(smoke)hasconstitutedmorethan30%ofthenationaltotalandtheamountofsulfurdi,,theenterprisesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmentadoptedadvancedrotary-kilntechnologies,,thecementoutputgener,thankstothelessconstructioninvestmentandshortconstructionperiod,~2000,whencementproductiontechnologystructureexperiencedsomechangesinChina,theratioofcementproducedwithsuchadvancedtechnologiesasrotarykilnwasconstantlydecreasing,whiletheratioofcementproducedwithsuchsmall-scalebackwardtechnologiesasshaftkilnwasincreasing,makingup80%,withitsqualitybeingpooryetwithahighconsumptionofresources,aseriousenvironmentalpollutionandalowlaborproductivity,waseliminatedearlyindevelo,effortshavebeensteppeduptoacceleratetheadjustmentofthei,byintegratingtechnologyintroduction,technologyassimilationandindependentdevelopment,Chinastartedtheresearchandde,thelate-modeldry-processcementpr,,theproportionofthedry-processcementaccountedfor70%ofthetotalcementoutput,winningini,theChinesecemententerprisesalsopushedthelump-sumcontractingincludingChina-madecompleteequipmentontotheinternationalmarket,makingup37%ofthekindontheinternationalmarketin2007.ku体育官网网址ByXiangAnbo,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo72,sMineralResourcesCharacterizedbyaRichAggregateyetaPer-capitaInadequacyBeingvastinterritory,Chinaisabigproducer,,Chinastot,ataper-capitacalculation,Chinasmineralresourcesonlyaccountfor58%oftheworldaverage,edby"ThreeMajoritiesandOneDifficulty",completecategorieswithunsatisfactorystructureandarelativelyconcentrate,,onlysuchmineralresourceswithtraditionaladvantagesastungsten,stibium,rare-earth,graphiteandmagnesite,seetheirper-capitadepositsexceedingtheworldaverage,whilethedepositsofthestrategicmineralresourcesthatareofvitalimportancetothenationaleconomyandthepeopleslivelihood,suchasiron,manganese,chromium,copper,aluminum,goldandsilver,,copperandaluminum,onlycometo1/6,1/6and1/9oftheworldaverage,,ofthe45sortsofkeymineralresources,onlythesupplyof23sortscanbeguaranteed,whilethesupplyof10sortshastobeguaranteedthroughimportsoveraprotractedperiodoftimeand5sortsdependmainlyonimportsasaresultofscarcity;andby2020,onlythesupplyof6sortscanbeguaranteed,sseveremineralconstraintsarereflectedbymorethan10sortsofmineralresources,suchasironore,bauxite,copperore,uranium,sylvite,nickelandmanganeseore,,copper,aluminum,leadandzincareallconstraintmineralsofChina,andcopperandaluminumrestrainChinasumptionofresourcesChinasindustrializationdriveisaprocessofindustria,Chinasuffersmoreres,ChinaisenteringeousconditionstobeusedbyChinatorealizeitsmechanization,electrization,electronizationandinformatizationsynchronically,relatedstudieshavepredictedthatby2020whenChinainitiallyrealizesitsindustrialization,Chinasper-capitaannualconsumptionofmineralresourceswillpossiblybelo,duetoChinaslargepopulation,,Chinawillstillincreaseitsconsumptionofmineralresource,thecoefficientofelastic,inordertoensureadevelopmentfornext20years,Chinawillneedatleast30billiontonsofironore,rs,thegrowthofdepositsofChinasmajormineralresourceshasbeenslowerthantheincreaseofmineralproducts,andtheincreaseofmineralproductsha,%%in2005,andfellduring2006and2008,yetwentupagaintoanall-timehighof62%in2006(withtheactiveandtimelyadjustmentofthedemandmadebyChineseenterprisesaccordingtopriceupsanddownsasareasonablefactor).IntermsoftheperiodofChinasindustrializationandinviewoftheinternationalexperience,foralongperiodoftime,thecontradictionsbetweenthesupplyanddemandofsomemajorandpillarmineralproductsinChinawillstillcontinuetoaggravate,andtheoverallimportdependencewillincreaseertheforeignresourcurcesofironore,bauxiteandcopperore,ChinamainlydependsonAustralia,Brazil,IndiaandSouthAfricaforironore,onAustralia,IndiaandJamaicaforbauxite,andonChile,Mongolia,candtraderelationswiththesecountriesaswellasitsinvestmentinresourceindustriesofthesecountries.

          FengFeiWangXiaomingCurrently,,theseplacesstilldonothaveaprofoundunderstandi,Chinashoulddeepenitsunderstandingofthelawsgoverningthedevelopmentofstrategicemergingindustriesandfocusitsenergyontheinnovationoftechnologies,commercialmodels,ustriesIngeneral,thelifecycleofanindustrycomprisesthreestages:takeoff,rstages:knowledge,technology,product,,,thedevelopmentofstrategicemergingindustriesobserveslawsthataredistinctivelydifferentfromthosegoverningthedevelopmentoftraditionalindustries,andthetakeoffsta,,,,anew-energyvehiclecanbeanelectricone,,athinfilmone,oraphotovoltaic/,,subversiveinnovationappearsoneafteranother,eachcausing"innovativedamage"totheformerandturningtheor,,,onlywheneffectivesupplyisprovidedcandemandbeformed(,theInternetofThings).Second,whenanemergingproductreplacesatraditionalone,itwillencountermarketbarrierssuchasthenear-perfectpropertiesandsoundservicefacilitiesofthetraditionalproduct(,whenelectricvehiclesreplacegasfuelvehicles).Third,thecostofanemergingproductinearlymarketizationisratherhighandlesscompetitiveundertheexistingmarketrules(,newenergies).Three,,innovativeenterprisesaresmallandhighlyactiveand,theinformationr,Ci,industrialchainstillhasnocleardivisionoflabor,andenterprisesmu,verticalintegrationistheleadingcorporateorganizationinthisstage,,investmentstendt,,forexample,thenew-energyvehiclesintheUnitedStateswereblockedbythethreeautogiantsandtheITrevolut,whetherastrategicemergingindustrycangrowdependsontwofactors:thedevelopmentoftechnologiesandtheconversionofresearchresults,dthetechnologicaluncertaintyinthetakeoffstagedeterminethatthedevelopmentofastrategicemergingindustryshouldneve,emphasisshoul,allotherleadingeconomiesareemphasizingthedevelopmentoftechnologieswhentheydevelopemergingindustries,andarecallingthem"emergingtechnologies"or"emergingindustriesandtechnologies".Wesuggestthe12thfive-yearplanshouldreplacetheterm"strategicemergingindustries"withtheterm"strategicemergingindustriesandtechnologies",twonewpolicyapproachesmaybeintroduced:One,,majori,alliancescanplayuniquerolesinintegratingeconomyw,insteadofbeingclosedsuchasthoseestablishedbycompetentgovernmentdepartments,,thegovernmentmayhavechartedtheleadingtechnologicalpath,insteadofadoptinganeutraltechnologicalpolicy,,aspecifict,thegovernmentcansupportitwithtechnologypurchase,,thegovernmentcanalsohelpsolvemarketentrydifficultiesbyadoptingdemand-endmeasuressuchasdemonstration,ductandanindustry,,,contractenergymanagementhasdevelopedintoabriskenergy-savingserviceindustrysimplybecausethiscommercialm,commercia,theInternetofThingsindustryinitsearlydevel,itrequirestheinno,therechargingmodialmodels,createaliberalatmosphereandenvironment,andremovemarketaccessbarriers,,duetotheamplifyingeffectoftheex,thegovernmentgingindustriesshouldbetakenasanexperimentalfieldforadeeperreformoftheadministrativesystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,mgm集团足球在线客户端官网LiangYangchunXiaoQingwenByLiangYangchun,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCXiaoQingwen,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo45,sIronandSteelIndustryandNecessityforRestructuringofIronandSteelIndustryinShandongProvinceChina,whichstoodatonly128milliontonsin2000,begantogrowatanannualrateofmorethan20%%,%in2008,%,itscrudesteeloutputreached626milliontons,%,itsurbanizationprocesswillgain,spercapitasteelconsumptionisfarbelowthelevelsoftheUnitedStates,Japan,Sossteelindustryasawholewillcontinuetogrow,willslideto5%~10%.Atanaverageannualgrowthrateof5%,srealGDPgrowthcontinuestobefastinthisperiod,itscrudesteeloutputislikelytoriseatanannualrateofmorethan5%.ThesteelindustryisanepitomeofChinasheavyindustryindustry,whichhasoveremphasizedscaleexpansioninrecentyears,,,,,,howShandongssteelindustrywillrestructureitselfandpursueahealthydevelopmentwill,,thatabout16%ofthee,,onlyabout20%ofproductioncapacitiesarelocatedincoastalareas,,t,nomajorgandtransformation,itisimperat,Shandongfactorinput,,Shandongssteelindustrymustadjustitsregionaldistribution,andmo,ShandongssteelindustrymustadjustitsproductstructuresothatthegeneralandbsironandsteelindustryAsShandongssteelindustrywasnotedforamonotonousproductstructureandanirrationalratiobetweenplatesandpipes,therelevantinstitutionsinShandongdesignedapreliminary,theShandongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentpromulgatedtheGuidelincitiesofthesteelenterprisesincoastalareaswillrisefrom18%in2006tomorethan50%,buildingalargehigh-end,theShandongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentissuedthePlanfortheAdjustmentandRejuvenationofShandongsSteelIndustry(2009~2011).Accordingtotheplan,theprovincescrudesteeloutputwillbecontrolledatabout50milliontonsby2011,theenterpriseswillbereorganized,theoutdatedproductioncapacitieswillbeeliminated,andtheShandongIronand,industrialdistributionwillfocusoncoastalareas,,itn,ShandongProvinceisactivelystrivingtobecomeapi,itisdesignedtoeliminateoutdatedproductio,theprovincess,it,coastalareaswillaccountformorethan40%oftheprovincesproductioncapacitiesandmorethan30%oftheprovince,itisdesignedto,thegroup,,theproductioncapacitiesofJinanIronandSteelCompanyandLaiwuIronandSteelCompanymustbesuppressed,,ShandongIronandSteelGrou,ShandongIronandSteelGroupCompanywil,QingdaoIronandSteelCompanymustberelocatedfrom,JinanIronandSteelCompanyandLaiwuIronandSteelCompanywillgraduallyrelocatetheirremainingproductioncapacitiestocoastalareas.

          mgm集团足球在线客户端官网: 2020年3月5日拟作出建设项目环境影响报告书(表)审批意见的公示(福安市湾坞西片区污水处理二厂工程) ByZhangChenghui,Director-GeneraloftheResearchInstituteforFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo106,2013(Total4355)ftheFinancialIndustryIfcategorizingisdoneintermsoftheintensityoffactorinputsandtheindustriesareclassifiedaslabor-intensive,capital-intensive,technology-intensiveandknowledge-intensive,thenthefinancialindustryisdeemedasa"contract-intensiveindustry".Asaspecialservicesector,thefinancialindustryrelatestocontractualarrangementsbeingfarmoreintensiveandcomplicatedthanotherindustriesinproductionandtradingoffinancialproducts,whicharemorevulnerableto"informationasymmetry"and"ethicalrisks".Hence,ifsoundenvironmentsforensuringthecontractimplementationarefewandfarbetween,riskswillincreasesubstantially,thusaffectinginvestorsinformationandtheirtradingaspirations,,,bankruptcylawsofIndonesia,SouthKorea,ThailandandRussiawerenotallcarriedoutstrictly,leavingcreditorsinterestsunprotected,andmalfunctioningenterprisesorfinancialptionoftheongoinginternationalfinancialcrisis:ononehand,withtheexplosivedevelopmentofthefinancialderivatives,loopholesappearagainstconsumerprotection;ontheotherhand,theissueof"toobigtofail(TBTF)"isquitetangibleindevelopedcountries,cialinfrastructureofacountryshouldincludelegalenvironment,dlegalenvironmentcanrelationsamongvariousstakeholder,namely,perfectlegalsystem,effectiveexecutivesystemandreason,thelegalsystemshouldbewellestablis,thelegalsystemshouldalsokeeppacewiththetimesandbeadjustedint,afair,justandefficientfinancialdisputehearingandarbitrationmechanismshouldbesetupunancialdisput,theviewpointofestablishingani,pilotcourtshavebeensetupinShanghai,Henan,,theInternationalFinancialArbitrationCourtbegantooperateinHague,specializinginofferingarbitrationservicesfordisputesarisin,financialsupervis,hiddenillegalconductsanddifficultyinobtainingevidencethroughinvestigationfeaturefinancialtransactions,plusfinancialinvestorsbeingrelativelyscattered,thenumberofsmallandmediuminvestorsbeinghugeandtheclassactionmechanismbeingimperfectandincompleteinChina,therefore,itisnecessarytoprovidefinancialsupervisionandregulationdepartmentswithnecessaryrightstoenforcethelaws,suchasthequeryrights,,theserightsmustbemoderateandreasonable,sinformationasymmetryandconstructthelong-actingconstraintandincentivemechanismforborrowersForeignexperienceshowsthatinformationdisclosureislessdemandedwhenstockholdersconcentraterelativelyand,conversely,:Asmallnumberofbigshareholdersarefarmorecapableofacquiringand,accurateandtimelyinformationdisclosureisneededtohelpt,indirect-financing-orientedeconomieshavelesserpressureofdisclosinginformationtothepublic,while,Chinaismakingeffortstoboostthetransformationfromtheinvestment-drivenandscale-centeredextensiveeconomicgrowthpatterntotheinnovation-dr,callsforthemajoreffortstodevelopingserviceindustriesandsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,;(includingpubliccompanies,yettheimplementationstandardisdifferentfromthatoflistedcompanies),,listedandunlistedpubliccompaniestaketheinitiativeindisclosingnecessaryfinancialandbusinessope,thepassivedisclosuresystemiscarriedout,namely,informationiscollectedandcompiledunderthecreditreferencesystem,andinformationoninquirysubjectsare,theobjectiveandspecializedthird-partycommentsarevitalimportancetothesystem.

          ByXiaBin,ResearchInstituteofFinance,theDRCResearchReportNo21,2012ThecomingfivetotenyearsarecriticalbothforChinaseconomicdevelopmentandforthegoverningoftheCommunistPartyofChina,giventheinadequatereformingeffortsandconsequentlytheincreasinglycompl,anditishel,Chinaisatacriticalmoment,"top-level"designatatimewhentheTwelfthFive-YearPlanhasjust,,wehadtomakeclearwhatitsgoal,,,confusionsanddoubts,tendencyofreformcannotbech,wearefacingsomenewissuesincludingmanyacutecontradictionswhichimpedesustainableeconomicdevelopment,socialstabilityandunderminethefoundationofthePartysruling,Therefore,thetop-leveldesignwetalkabouttodayisnotmereaboutthe,itisproblem-oriented,morespecifically,itisdevelopedtosolveinstitutionalproblemsunderlyingtheunsustainabledevelopmentofChinaseconomy,eliminaterisksforChinaseconomywhentheglobaldemandsweakenafterthecrisisoftheUnitedStatesandtheslowdownofChinaseconomicgrowth,andresolvesocialinstabilitycausedbysevererementionedproblemsandformulatemeasures,,ssocialandeconomicfields,includingscience,educationandhealth,therearemandastheonefortheTwelfthFive-YearPlanperiod,noroneliketheReportont,wewouldliketotoucheverysectorandeveryaspect;however,someofsuchquesnancin,thetop-leveldesigndealswithkeyproblemswhichmayaffectthewholesituation,aimstosolvecoreissuesandcontradictionswhichhaveexistedforlong,andtriestosolvemajorproblemswhichmayimpedethestablegrowthofChinaseco,thetop-leveldesigndoesnthavetobeall-inclusive,icharegenerallythetoughestissuesandhavearousedmostdiscontentandimpededorwillimpedethesocialstabilityandstableeconomicgrowth,anditshouldeffe,ideologicalstraitjacketneedstoberemoved,,,itshouldstartfromthesupremeinterestofthecountrysstability,aimatsocialstabilityandsustainableeconomicdevelopmentanddirectlyfacewhateverproblemswemeetinapracticalandrealisticway,,wearetoblameforleavingsomanyeconomicprobl,thepastdecadehasprovedthatasChinahasbecomethesecondlargesteconomyintheworldintheprocessofglobalization,massiveandknowdecisionsItis,,thereareopinionsoverseasthatChinaseconsGDPwillsurpassthatoftheUnitedStatesi,,thetop-leveldesignshallnotsimplyregardthepessimisticideasaboutChinaas"conspiracies",butregardthemaswarnings,findoutpossibilityofsystematicrisksafterChinaseconomicgrowthslowsdownandworkoutsolutions;ontheotherhand,weshouldnotblindlybelievethoseoptimisticideas,,ncingtheworldsinvestment,,solutionsandpoliciesfortheseproblemscannotbeworkedoutbydivorcingfromrealityorbyputtingasideothercountriesconcerns,interestsandpossiblecountermeasuresfollowingtheriseofChinaandthepossiblechangesintheworldenvironment.ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo12,,Chinasgrainyieldincreasedfortheeighthconsecutiveyear,(twojinmakeonekilogram)%.Theharvestin2011istheresultofacombinationofrelevantfactorsincluding"supportingpolicy,boomingmarket,hardworkandfavorableweather".Theyieldincreasecanmainlybeattributedtomoresupportingpolicies,steadyfoodprice,extensivepopularizationofmhinasgrainself-sufficiencyhasdroppedto90%.AsChinasmajorimportsaresoybeansinsteadofcereals,however,themajorcerealslikerice,wheatandcornaremorethan98%,Chinastillremainsvulnerabletofrequentandseverenaturaldisasters,roblemof,majorgrainproducingregionsare,the13majorgrainproducingprovincesaccountedfor76%ofthecountry%,atypicalconcerninsomeofthemajorgrainproducingprovincesisthatgrainproduction,insteadofbeinganadvantage,,,therestareexpectedtoberaisedattheprovincial,ssecondgrainproducerHenanProvincehasbeenthel,itspercapitafiscalexpenditurestoodatmerely3,063yuan,whilethefigureofShanghaiwas15,563yuan,,therefore,isstillaprimarytaskwhilehandlingthethree-dimensionalruralissues,namelytheproblemsofagriculture,,inordertostabilizegrainproduction,weshouldfirstmobilizethefarmersinitiativeinplantinggraincropsandthelocalgovernmentsinitiativeinemphasizinggrainproduction.(1)KeepareasonablegrainpriceComparedtotheresidentsincomeandtheoverallpricelevel,einterestsofagricultureandindustry,andalsoanimportanticeforwheatandriceprocurement.(2)Optimizethelong-termmechanismoffinancialsubsidytofarmersgrowinggraincropsOvertherecentyears,thepricesfordieseloil,fertilizerandagriculturalservicesaswellasthecostonlaborhavebeenincreasingconsistently,andtheprofitfromgrainplantinghasbeenreduced,ubsidytoalevelreasonableenoughtocompensatefarmerscostingrowinggrainsandalsoguaranteeforthemanappropriatelevelofprofit.(3)OptimizethebenefitcompensationmechanismformajorgrainproducingregionsIn2011,thecentralfinancerewardedatotal20billionyuanto200majorgrainproducingcountiesthroughoutthecountry(10millionyuanforeachcounty).Sucharewardingpolicyhashelpedtoalleviatetoacertainextentthefinancialdifficultyofthemajorg,thegeneralfeed-backf(15mumakeonehectare)stoodatmerely11yuaninHenan,thefinancialdifficultyofmajorgrainproducingcountiesstandsasaprominentproblemandthecentralfinanceshouldgrantthemrewardsaccordingtothepercapitafinancialresourcesatthecountylevel,ensuringavailabilityofadequatefundsforbasicexpenditureandforsocialundertakingsandimprovingtheirinitiativesindevelopinggrainproduction.(4)ContinuetappingthepotentialofimprovingtheyieldonperunitoflandItsdifficulttorealizebalancedyieldincreaseoverlargeareasbyrelyingonsingletechnology,therefore,weshouldintegrateandpopularizeadvancedandpracticaltechnologies,promotethecombinationofimprovedvarietiesandadvancedmethods,and,cotton,sugarandfreshagriculturalproductsWeshouldhandlewellthecollectionandstorageofcottonandavo,butthepriceincreasehasfailedtoleadtocorrespondingproductionincreassthereforebecomingangedplanformarketregulationsoastoavoidthepricecycleof"biggerincreasefollowedbysharpfall".mgm集团足球在线客户端官网

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          ByXiangAnbo,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-CorporateRelationsofStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo6,2011TheoverallperformanceofChinasInternetofThingsisgood,,enterprisesdonothavematurecommercialmodels,,,governmentandenterprisesshouldworktogethertocultivatemassmarketdemand,developkeytechnologies,establishtechnologyandapplicationstandards,buildsupportinginfrastructures,protectinformationsecurityandprivacy,andpromotecooperationbetweenindustry-relatedregulatorydepartmentsandcoordinationbetweenenterprises,,improvinggovernment-corporaterelationsandformingadevelopmentpatternthatfeaturesgovernmentpromotion,corporateinitiativeandgovernment-cor,countriesaroundtheworldpaymuchattentionto,astheInternetofThingsofferscomprehensiveperception,reliabletransmissionandintelligenthandling,itcanensurehumanbeingstohaveatechnologicalbasisforthereal-timecontrol,,theInternetofThingscanberegardedasapenetrationoftheInternetintorealeconomy,whoseindustrialchainincorporatesmoreupstreamanddownstreamparticipantsandwidensth,,theInternetofThingsisahighlandforthefuturecompetitionbetweenvariouscountriesinthefiel,theInternetofThingsisalsoabosnewindustrializationprocessanericaninthefieldofInternetofThingsapplicationresearches,ry,andcitieslikeBeijing,Shanghai,,severalInternetofThingsindustrialalliancesarebeingformedinChina,andth,therelevantauthoritiesshouldpaymuchattention,observethelawsofindustrialandtechnologicaldevelopment,associatedwithChinasInternetofThingsdevelopmentInthecourseofrapiddevelopmentofInternetofThings,theenterprisesinChinaalsofacesomechallenges,whichcannsInternetofThingsindustryisstillintheinitial,inadequateunderstandingandhighapplicationc,Chinashouldchangeitsoldmindsetandpractice,giveequalemphasistobothdemandandsupplyends,tapthepotentialoftheChinesemarket,andcultivatsthathavepracticalfunctionsandcancreatevalues,andtoinnovatecommercialmodelssothattheInternetofThingsenterprisesinChinacanboostthe,theInternetofThingsasastrategicemergingindustryhasthe,whenthereisnoeffectiveinterest-sharingmechanism,Internetoperatorsandothercorporateoligarchsmayabusetheirmonopolisticpowerstopreventfair,thegovernmentshouldstrengthenplanning,regulationandcoordinationforInternetofThingsdevelopmentsoastoeffectivelybalanceandharmonizetheinterestsofdifferentparties,encouragetheircooperation,,stabilizingqualityanden,Chinastillhasnounifiedstandards,integration,deploymentandmaintenanceandtodevelopemergingindustriesandalsoanintelligence-basedinfrastructureforChinato,,thegovernmentshouldmakeproperinvestmentatapropertimeorencouragethethreemajortelecomoperators,cableoperatorsandrelated,thegovernmentshoulduseinvestmentandothermeasurestobuildpublicoperatingandserviceplatformsandatthesametimeguideenterprisestomakeinvestmentinbuildingapplicationplatformsthatwillserverelevantindustries.

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          ByLiuShijin,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo185,,solvingresourceandenvironmentalproblemswillbopment,whichemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thefastersubstantialchangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelopment,thedeepeningofreformandopeningupandtheinnovationofsystemsandmechanisms,andhighlightswell-definedresponsibilities,effectiveprices,,itisimperativetotransformandupgradetraditionalindustries,developemergingindustriesandstreamlinemajoreconomicrelations,suchasthosebetweendomesticdemandandforeigndemandandbetweensavingsandconsumption,soastolayanimportantfoundationforboostingthequalityandefficiencyofChina’seconomicdevelopmentandpursuingsteady,,fiscalandtaxrelationsarebasicallystreamlined,theframeworksandstandardsofpolicies,lawsandregulationsarepreliminarilyestablished,theresponsibilitiessandperformanceevaluationsystemsareimproved,majorprogresshasbeenmadeintechnologicalinnovationandpopularizationandinindustrialrestructuring,,,fasterandsustainabledevelopmentthatemphasizestheimplementationofthescientificapproachtodevelopment,thecompatibilityofgrowthwithresourcesandtheenvironment,,animportantcontentistopursuedevelopmentthatemphasizes“resourceconservation,higherefficiency,andeconomicandenvironmentalprotection”.Inthelongrun,greendevelopmentandefficientdevelopmentareinherentlyunited,,theymaybecontradictorytoeachothe,econom,achievableeconomicgrowthshouldnotbecontainedsimplyinordertopursueexces,htofChina’scurrentconditionsandthroughscientificdeve,economic,legalandnecessaryadministrativetoolsshouldbeemployedinaunifidemandrelationship,resourcescarcityandenvironmentalcostandmarketmechanismcanplaybasicrolesinpromotingconservation,,administrati,moralconstraintsshouldreceivegrowingattentionandresourceconservnment-friendlysocietyandbecomeani,whichhavetobearresourceandenvironmentalpressures,,,streamliningrelationsandstrengtheningcontrol,thegovernmentshouldcreateamarketenvironmentthatfeaturespriceeffectivenessandfaircompetitionsothatenterprisescanhavesufficientpressureandmotivationtoselecttheenergy-savingandenvironment-friendlytechnologies,processes,protectionmethods,onment,enterprisescanpursuetheirownlong-termdevelopmentandint,rewardandpunishmentmechanismsshouldbeestablishedtoencouragetheadvancedandeliminatetheoutdatedandtoguidecorporatebehaviorsinenergyconserva,bystrictlyenforcingrelevantlaws,regulationsandstandards,byrewardingthesuperiorandpunishingtheinferiorwithfiscalandtaxtoolsandbyguidingpublicopinions,theenterprisesthatperformwellinresourceconservationandenvironmentalprotectionshouldbenefitanddevelopbetterandfasterandtheenterprisesthatperformpoorlyinresourceconsumptionaheeconomicstructurebeoptimizedintheco,overallplanning,,,Chinashouldproperlyhandlytheoverallandpartialrelations,thelong-termandshort-termrelations,theinternationalanddomesticrelations,,itshouldfocustimeandeffortsonsomebasic,keyandurgentsectorssoastomakebreakthroughs,helpsolvecrolesofmarketmechanismsinthespheresofresourcesandtheenvironment,priorityshouldbegiventosolvingthelong-standingproblems,suchaspricedistortion,administrativeaccessrestrictionandtheabsenceofmarkettradinginstitutions.--Improvetheprice-formingmechanismsforcoal,power,price-formingmechanismthatwillallowmarketcompetititiontodeterminethepricesofpowergenerationandsaleandallowthetransportshouldbereformedsoastoformatradingrelationshipinwhichkeyenterprisesmainlyoperateonlongandmedium-termcontracts....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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          Therapiddevelopmentoftheserviceindustryhasbeenamajortrendintheglobaleconomicstructuraladjustment,andChinacouldtakethisopportunitytomakeabreakthroug,theChineseeconomywillencountersuchopportunitiesasdeepeningthereform,expandingdomesticdemandandenhancingthecountrysstatusininternationaldivisionoflabor,andconditions,andbasedonthelawofevolutionfortheinternalstructuresoftheserviceindustriesoftypicalindustrializedcounties,suchastheUnitedStates,France,Germany,JapanandSouthKorea,thispaperanalyzesthedevelopmentofChinasserviceindustryandlooksaheadonthefuturedevelopmentofthecountrysServiceIndustryandItsMainFeaturesInternationalexperiencegainedinthedevelopmentoftheserviceindustryshowsthatthedevelopmentofserviceindustryinChinaisparallelwiththeindustrialdevelopment,andthecircu,theinternalrestructuringofChinasserviceindustrytalliesbasicallywiththefactsandexperiencespresentedbytypicalindustrializedcountriesandthedevelopmentoftheproducerservicestallieshighlywithinternationalexperiences;yettheoverallleveloftheserviceindustryfallsshortand,inparticular,theaddedvalueoftheciopment,withitsproportiononaratherlowsideSincethereformandopeningup,China~2011,%inrealterms,%duringthesameperiod,,~2011,theannu%,~,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChina%%,Chinasper-capitaGDPtopped5,430USdollars(calculatedinUSDatcurrentprices),equivalentto8,594internationaldollars(calculatedininternationaldollarsin1990).Accordingtointernationalexperience,Chinasserviceindustryiswitnessingitssecond-stagedevelopment,namely,aperiodinwhichthedevelopment,in2011theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinasserviceindustryinthecountrysGDPwasalmost15percentagepointslowerthanthatofSouthKorea,27percentagepointslowerthanthatofGermanyandJapan,andmo,theproportionofChinasserviceindustrypresentsitselfidenticalwithinternationalexperiences,thedecreasingproportionoftheserviceindustryhasbeendwindlingincontrasttothedirectcomparisonsconductedinthesameyears,,thestatisticalunderesindustrybutdevelopsatalevelevidentlylowerthanthelevelfeaturingtypicalindustrializedcountriesduringsamedevelopmentperiodsAccordingtoSingelmanns"QuarteringMethod",resultsfromsortingouttheindustry-classifieddataonChinasserviceindustryfindthat,from1990suptothepresent,thecirculatingserviceindustryhasalwaysbeenthemostessentialindustryinChina~1996,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofthecirc%%,%,theproportionofthecirculatingindustryremainedrelativelystable,%in2010(Figure1).Figure1 ChangesinInternalStructureofChinasServiceIndustryDuring1991~2010Comparedtothesamedevelopmentperiodsexperiencedbytypicalindustrializedcountries,thedevelopmentlevelofChina,000~9,000internationaldollars,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinascirculatingserviceindustryturnedout6~10percentagepointsorsolowerthanthatoftheUnitedStates,FranceandSouthKorea,and3~5percentagepointslowerthanthatofJapanandGermany(Figure2).Figure2 ContrastbetweentheProportionofChinasCirculatingServiceIndustryandTypicalIndustrializedCountriesInaddition,comparisonoftherelationshipsbetweentheproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinascirculatingserviceindustryandsecondaryindustryandthatofJapan,SouthKoreaandFranceinthesameperiodofdevelopmentdemonstratesthatthedevelopmentofChinascirculatingserviceindustryisonthewholeconsistentwiththelawsrevealedbyinternationalexperience,thatis,duringthemiddleandlaterperiodsofindustrialization,theproportionofthe%featuringthecirculatingserviceindustriesofJapan,SouthKoreaandFrance,theproportionofChina,whichtallieshighlywiththatofthetypicalindustrializedcountriesduringthesamedevelopmentperiodsSince1990s,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofChinasproducerservicesinthecountry%%,thoughhitbyanarrayoffactorssuchastheinternationalfinancialcrisisin2008,theproportionofproducerserviceswentdownslightly,yettheindustrywasnothamperedseverely.ByLiuYong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo14,2013(Total4263)In2011,regionaleconomicgrowthdeclinedatlargeinChina,andinmostregionstheecono,economiesofvariousprovinces,%(aweightedaverageasperGRP),();GRPofvariousprovinces,();thepercapitaGRPofvariousprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitiescametoatotalof38,777yuan(being3,680yuanhigherthanthenationalstatistics).FollowingistheanalysisofChinasregionaleconomicdevelopmentpattern,,anoverviewofregionaleconomicdevelopmentinChinaindicatedthateconomicgrowthinChinascentralandwesternregionswasfasterthanthatintheeasternregion,thefocusofregionaleconomicgrowthandaggregatemovedwestwardcontinuously,therelativeregionalgapcontinuedtoshrinka,becosregionaleconomicgrowthwascharacterizedbythefactthateconomicgrowthwasfasterincentralandwesternregions,butslowerintheeasternregionsofChinawhilethefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiverandTianjinwitnessedthefastestgrowthByregion,economicgrowthofChinascentralandwesternregionssurpassedthatofeastChinain5yearsrunningby2011andthesurpassinggrowthcontinuedtoenlarge,;thefarwesternregionsawafastergrowththanthegrandcentralregion,formingagainasequencingoffarwesternregion,grandcentralregionandneweasternregion,andthegroactonChinaseasternregion,andthatthecentralgovernmentsintensifyingin"7+1"integratedeconomicareasthatregionswhereeconomicgrowthisfasterthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiver,thefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesofthePearlRiver,thenortheasternregionandthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYellowRiverand,regionswhereeconomicgrowthisslowerthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthecoastalareasofeastChina,forChinaandproducedahugeimpactonChina,amongothers,havebeenworsthitbythecrisis(coastalareasofsoutheastChinawereworsthitin2008).(SeeTable1).Table1 PatternandChangeoftheMacroeconomicandIntegratedEconomicAreasduring2002~2011,Chinahasmadesignificantprogresstowardsfinancialsectorderegulationvialiberalizingbanklendingrates,expandingtheQFIIquota,increasingtheflexibilityoftheexchangerate,,includingbanklendingratesandexchangerates,arenowclosermarketequilibriums,andmarketm,Chinatructuralimbalancesduetooverregulations,Chinaneedsto:1)removecontrolsondepositrates;2)furtherincreasetheRMBsexchangerateflexibility;3)furtheropenupitscapitalaccount;and4)liberalizemarketaccesstothefinancialindustrybyremovingexcessiveandhavebeenwrittenintothethirdplenums"Decision",themostchallengingquestionishowtodesignthespecificreformprogramstbeonhighalertincludethefollowing,manyofwhichreflectlegacyissuesoftheoldsystem:,Chinaslocalgovernmentdebthasrisenquicklyinrecentyearstoabout32%,however,isthematuritymismatchbetweenlocalgovernmentliabilities(mostlyintheformofloansandtrustloans),thematurityofatypicalbankloanortrustloanis2-3years,whiletheprojectcashflowswillonlhtening,changeinprudentialregulationsonbanksandtrustcompanies,aswellasdeteriorationininvestorsentimentforwealthmanagementproducts(WMPs).InWesterncountries,theaveragematurityoflocalgovernmentdebtis7-10years,whichismuchclo,therewerenofailuresofbanksandtrustcompanies,andtherewereveryfewdefaultsofhighlyrisky(withriskssimilartojunkbondsinwesterncountries),trustcompaniesandWMPsareexceptionallystrong,butbecausemostofthesepoliticalsystemthatpenalieesofallbanks,trustcompaniesandWMPsleadtoincorrectpricingofcreditproductsissuedbysomeveryriskyborrowers,,,htsteptowardscorrectingthemispricing,,Chinasinterbankratesbecameveryvol,ahighvolatilityofinterestratestendstoconfusefinancialmarketparticipantsandcompaniesastowhatthemonetarypolicyintentionis,,asuddenspikeininterbankratescouldexacerbatethedurationriskf:theyhavedotowiththelackofcapacityinforecastingliquidity,lackofinter-governmentalcollaboration,theloan-to-depositratio,imprudentliquiditymanagementbybanks,shadowbankingactivities,aswellast,cross-bordercapitalflowsremainmanageableasformalcontrolsonQFIIandQDIIquotasremain,,assoonasthecapitalaccountisopen(,theQFIIandQDIIsystemsareabolished),large-scalecapitalinflowsand/oroutflowscouldleadtoexcessivevolatilityoftheexchangerate,destabilizethefinancialsystems,anddamagetherealeco"managedfloatingexchangerateregime",thevolatilityoftheRMB//7thatofMalaysianRinggit,1/13thatofKoreanwon,and1/,massiveinflowscouldresultifChinasbondmarketisopenedtoglobalinvestorsgiventhe2-3%interestratedifferentialbetweenChina)needtomovetowardsamoreliberalizationfinancialsystemsothattoimproveefficiency,and2)theneedtocontainanddefusetheabovementionedfinancialrisks,Chinats,alongwiththeplanedreformssuchasdepositratederegulationandcapitalaccountliberalization:,webelievethatakeyriskfacingthefinancialsystemistheexcessiverelianceoflocalgket,whichwillgraduallyreplaceloansandtrustloans,localgovernmentbondswithlongermaturitiesshouldaccountformorethan50%ofthefinancingsourcesforlocalgovernmentcapex(itisonly10%inChina).Tostartthereformprogram,Chinashouldmodifyitsbudgetlawtoallowindependentissuanceoflocalgovernmentbonds,establishacrediblecreditratingsystemforlocalgovernmentbonds,requirelocalgovernmentstopublishtheirbalancesheetsandmedium-termfinancialprojections,andestablishalegalframeworktoregulatetheapprovalprocedurebylocalpeople"manageddefaults".InaneconomyasbigasChina,afewfailuresofsmallbanksandafewdozendefaultsbyjunkbonds(orWMPs)peryearshouldbenormaland,indeed,,webelievethatregulatorsshouldpermitafewmoredefaultsofnon-standardWMPsintheremainderofthisyear,withsomemodestincreasesinthehaircut(fromthe7%haircutfortheCCTproduct)to,,10-20%.Theseeventsof"manageddefaults"maypotentiallypushupthefundingcostsby100-200bpsforhighlyriskyborrowers,buttheyarenecessaryforcontainingtheexcessiveborrowingviathetrustsector–bypricingoutsomeworstborrowers--andreducingsystemicrisks.ByLiuYong,DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo14,2013(Total4263)In2011,regionaleconomicgrowthdeclinedatlargeinChina,andinmostregionstheecono,economiesofvariousprovinces,%(aweightedaverageasperGRP),();GRPofvariousprovinces,();thepercapitaGRPofvariousprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitiescametoatotalof38,777yuan(being3,680yuanhigherthanthenationalstatistics).FollowingistheanalysisofChinasregionaleconomicdevelopmentpattern,,anoverviewofregionaleconomicdevelopmentinChinaindicatedthateconomicgrowthinChinascentralandwesternregionswasfasterthanthatintheeasternregion,thefocusofregionaleconomicgrowthandaggregatemovedwestwardcontinuously,therelativeregionalgapcontinuedtoshrinka,becosregionaleconomicgrowthwascharacterizedbythefactthateconomicgrowthwasfasterincentralandwesternregions,butslowerintheeasternregionsofChinawhilethefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiverandTianjinwitnessedthefastestgrowthByregion,economicgrowthofChinascentralandwesternregionssurpassedthatofeastChinain5yearsrunningby2011andthesurpassinggrowthcontinuedtoenlarge,;thefarwesternregionsawafastergrowththanthegrandcentralregion,formingagainasequencingoffarwesternregion,grandcentralregionandneweasternregion,andthegroactonChinaseasternregion,andthatthecentralgovernmentsintensifyingin"7+1"integratedeconomicareasthatregionswhereeconomicgrowthisfasterthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYangtzeRiver,thefarwesternregion,themiddleandupperreachesofthePearlRiver,thenortheasternregionandthemiddleandupperreachesoftheYellowRiverand,regionswhereeconomicgrowthisslowerthantheaverageofallprovincesandregionsareinturnthecoastalareasofeastChina,forChinaandproducedahugeimpactonChina,amongothers,havebeenworsthitbythecrisis(coastalareasofsoutheastChinawereworsthitin2008).(SeeTable1).Table1 PatternandChangeoftheMacroeconomicandIntegratedEconomicAreasduring2002~2011ZhaoJinping,HuJiangyunFangJinDuetotheimpactoftheEuropeandebtcrisisandtheslowglobaleconomicrecovery,Chinahasseenitsexportgrowthdecliningmonthaftermonthsincethebeginningofthesecondhalrstandthedifficultiesandproblemsconfrontingenterprises,weconductedanemergencyquestionnairesurveyonover100enterprisesin20citiesacrossthecountry,isesfacediversedifficulties,arefairlydownbeataboutexportgrowthinthenextyear,andhopethegovernmentwilltakemoreactivemeasurestostabilizetheexchangerageofRenminbi,containtheexcessgrowthinpricesandlaborcosts,increasepolicy-orientedfinancialloans,,includingShenzhen,Guangzhou,Dongguan,Foshan,Xiamen,Ningbo,Suzhou,Nanjing,,54%,61%,%wereinthePearlRiverDelta(Table1).Table1ScaleandLocationofSurveyedEnterprises(%)

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          Figure5:orthedeclineofmarketdemandgrowthAnimportantmeasureadopted,amongothers,(broadmoneysupply)%%.Inthefourthquarterof2011,duetoloanquotarestriction,thosewh,rdagainsttheaggravationofgovernmentdebtrisksincludedstabilizingthesizeoffinancialinvestmentfundoutlaysandexercisingstrictcontrolovertheinvestmentandfinancingplatformsoflocalgovernmentssoastowithdrawgovernmentinvestmentrapidly,entoftheworldeconomicstructureinthewakeofinternationalfinancialcrisis,theincreasinglyadverseinternationaltradeenvironment,theri’sconsumptionstructurecenter,realestateandconstructionindustriesreducedmarketdemandrelatedtobasicrawmaterial,engineeringmachineryan,withinadequatepolicysupport,thedeclineoftheerof2012Afterpriceriseandinflationarypressuresweakenednotably,toaddressthecontinuousdeclineofeconomicgrowth,themacroeconomicpolicybegantofocuson"stabilizinggrowth".Withrelevantpolicyadjustment,economicdevelopmentgraduallyshowedastableperformance.(1)InvestmentgrowthshowingastabletrendDuringJanuary-May,fixedassetinvestment(excludingpeasanthouseholds)%%duringJanuary-June,%%duringJanuary-November,,thegovernment-dominatedinfrastructureinvestment(includingpowerandheatsupply,communicationandtransportation,warehousing,postalservice,waterconservancyandurbanpublicutilitymanagement)%fromJanuarytoMay,%%fromJanuarytoOctober,withtheaccelerationofhomesales,therea,realestatesalestookanobviousturnforthebetter,thenumberofpropertydevelopers’,%fromJanuarytoNovember,mmargininthelatterhalfoftheyear,%fromJanuarytoNovember,yearonyear,xpectationforincreasedinvestment,itispredictedthatthemanufacturinginvestmentwillmaintainarelativelybriskmomentum.(2)ConsumptiongrowthmakingprogresswhileensuringstabilityTheeconomicdownturnsince2010remainedmoderateonthewholeandtheeconomicgrowthratemaintainedaminimumofover7%,ankruptcieswasseen,,thestabilityofemploymentsustainedthestabilityofincomegrowthandthestabilityofconsumerconfidence,,withtheimprovementofrealestatemarket,salesoffurniture,electricalhomeappliancesanddecorativematerialscloselyrelatedtohomepurchasetookanotableturnforthebetter,,rsandthepositiveresultsaccumulatedbyautoenterprisesinimprovingthecostperformanceoftheproducts,itis,theconsumptiongrowthwilltendtostabilizeandriseinthefuture.

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          Figure1TypesofEconomicGrowthTrajectoryTheaboveclassificationmainlyfocusesontheeconomictake-offandthegrowthrate,,itisbelievedthatoncetakingoff,holeprocessofin,101economiesaroundtheworldhavesteppedintothegroupofmiddleincomecountries;andby2008,only13ofthemdevelopedtobehigh-incomecountries,completedtheirepicmissionofcatchingupandsucceededinnaturallandingathighincomelevels(theireconomicgrowthpatternisshownintherightpartofthesolidblacklineinFigure1).ThesesuccessfuleconomiesincludeJapan,SouthKorea,TaiwanofChina,HongKongSAR,PuertoRico,Mauritius,,witnessedeconomicstagnationorevenrecessionduetovariousreasonsduringcatchingup,andfellintothe"middleincometrap2"(theirgrowthpatternisshownbytheredlineinFigure1).Examplesincl-upprocesstherearetwodifferentscenarios:oneisanaturallanding,featuredwithsuccessfulindustrialization,slowdownoftheeconomicgrowthafterthecompletionofthecatching-upmissionandtheproduction(orgrowth)peaksofrepresentativeindustrialproductssuchasinfrastructure,housing,,,Germany,JapanandSouthKorea,whichcaughtupsuccessfullyaftertheWorldWarII,,whichmeansthemissionofcatchingupfailswhenthecatchingupprocessisinterruptedduetoproblemsintheeconomicsystem,developmentstrategy,andsocialdifferentiation,orforotherreasons,,000–6,,theeconomicgrowthslowsdownsharply–mostlybymorethan50%4–,,especiallysince2011,theChineseeconomyhastakenonsomenewcharacteristics,makingpeopleshowmoreandmoreconcernaboutthefactthatwhatalandingwillChinahaveinitseconomiccatchingupprocessandwillitbeanaturallandingorafallintothemiddleincometrap...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,"middleincometrap".Itroughlydescribessuchaphenomenon:whenacountrygetsridoftheMalthusianCycle,itseconomy,featuredwithindustrialization,willseethestartofeconomicgrowthinamodernsense;itsper-capitaaverageincomewillimprovesignificantlyinaperiodoftime,,itseconomystagnatesorrecedesforalongperiodandfailtogrowintoahig,Germany%;in1969whenitsper-capitaGDPreached10,440internationaldollars,,%.InJapan,%;andafteritsper-capitaGDPreached11,434internationaldollarsin1973,itseconomicgrowthdecelerated,and;from1973to1983,%.InSouthKorea,%;in1995whenitsper-capitaGDPreached11,850internationaldollars,itseconomicgrowthalsosloweddownevidently,%,from1981to2000,Brazil,ArgentinaandMexicoseconomyslippedintoprotractedstagnation,%,50%%respectivelyincomparisonwiththeaveragesduringtheirrapidgrowthperiod(1950-1980).Again,from1950to1975,theaverageannualGDPgrowthrateofformerSovietUnion,Hungary,%,%,%%respectivelywhileduringtheperiodfrom1976to2000,%(forformerSovietUnion,thefigurewastheaggregatesofallmembercountriesafteritsdisintegration),%,-%%respectively.Source:,CBRCsuccessivelypromulgatedsupervisionpoliciesonbank-trustcooperation,mainlyincluding:threeprinciplesoncreditassetstransfer,,completenessandcleantransfer;adjustmentofthesupervisionindicatorsforboththetransferorandthetransferee;wealthmanagementfundsshouldnotbedirectlyusedtopurchasecreditassets;commercialbanksshouldtransferoff-balancesheetbank-trustwealthmanagementcooperationbusinessintobalancesheetbeforetheendof2011,setasideloanlossprovisionsatarateof150%andincludesuchassetsinriskweightedassets;balanceofbank-trustcooperationloansshouldbereducedproportionallyby25%quarterbyquarter;%forthebank-trustcoop,theregulatoralsopromulgatedsupervisionpolicies(Table2)pertainingtotheexplicitorimplicitrepurchaseclause,truthfulnessoftradebackgroundofbillbusinessand012bytheRegulatoronWealthManagementBusinessofBanks

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Urbanizationistheonlywayleadingtomodernizationandalongwith,urbanizationwillgothroughanaturaldevelopmentcourseandasophisticatedsocialdevelopmentcourse,involvingpopulationmigration,economicprogress,socialchanges,,ChinaorUrbanizationTransformationThefirstandforemostissueforthetransformation,which,however,featureshighresourceconsumption,,wemustabolishtheolddevelopmentpatternassoonaspossibleandturntotechnoloscities,especiallylargeandmedium-sizedones,boastalargernumberofinnovationtalents,institutionsandotherinnovationresourcesandhavethemostfatoleratingfailureanditcouldeffectivelycapitalizeonthegovernmentsroleinformulatingscientificandtechnologicalplans,supportingbasicresearchandgenerictechnologyresearchandestablishinginnovationplatforms,whilebringinginteatureofChina,weshouldchangeourconceptinurbanplanning,andgraduallyturntheurbanexpandingplanningtourbaulations,andsubstantiallyaddressthedivorcingofurbanconstructionfromurbanplanning,cityplanningvariedastheleadershipchanges,eandMajorDifficultyforUrbanizationTransformationUrbansocialde,urbanizationandmodernizationandrapidsocialandculturaltransition,theextensivepopulationflowingbetweenurbanan,alargenumberofruralsurpluslaborersswarmsintocities,bringingbothrichlaborresourcesforurba,theadjustmentoftheeconomicstructureinthecourseofurbanization,especiallythetime-consuminggovernanceofexcessproductioncapacityandtheeliminationofexcessproductioncapacity,haveresultedinalargenumberofdismissedpeopleandimposedgreatunemploymentpressureonurbansociety,,n,,astheoldconceptsandmethodsofurbansocialgovernancearebecominglessinfluential,newgovernanceconcepts,,w,weshouldenhancethefairnessandinclusivenessofcities,graduallynarrowdowntheurban-ruralincomegap,andeliminateactualdifferencesineconomic,political,culturalands,equalaccesstodevelopmentopevitalityofsocialorganizationsandcreatingaharm"constructivedamage"tourbanculture,orsevere"urbanculturaldiseases",whichisinessencethelossof"folkculture"or"nationalculture",importanceshouldbeattachedtotheculturalspiritandculturalfunctionofthecityandweshouldregardthecityasacarrierofcivilization,historyandpeople,theculturalconnotationofurbanpla,substantialeffortsshouldbemadetointensifyprotectionofhistoricationTransformationMajorproblemsinurbanmanagementincludetheinadequatelawsandregulations,inappropriateinstitutionallayout,,worsenedpollution,concentrationofpoorpopulation,look,wemustacceleratethetransformationofurbanmanagementpatternandestablishanewpatternfeaturingintensivenessandhighefficiencyratherthanextensivenessandlowefficiency,,ntocoordinateurbanizationindifferentregions,sparticipationandbuildasmartcityoutlookthroughwideapplicationofmoderninformationtechnology.ByChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo25,2013(Total4274)sMonetaryEnvironmentHasExperiencedProfoundChangesCurrencyalwaysplaysitsroleinoseconomyisundergoingthecriticalrestructuringinatransitionalstage,,thecurrencysupplyandtherela,Chinashouldpayclose,theeffectivemonetaryregulationandcontroltools,especiallythepricecontroltools,shouldbedevelo,thereliableestimateforthechangedmonetaryenvironmentandtheadjustmenttotheformercontroltoolsandintensityshouldbemadetoensurethatthecurrencyspcedtheimport-orientedoneTheexchangeratesystemisanimportantfactorinfluencingChina,China,theincreaseofthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangewasalorforeignexchangeandthebasiccurrencyincreasekeptover100%;theratioevenreached324%,Chinawithdrawsandfreezestheexcessivebasiccurrencyinthemarketbyusingcen%,Chinastarted,,accountingfor27%,easingandreducetheloan-depositratioofbanks,hencerestrictingbanks,banksareforcedtointensifytheexpsM2moneysupplyismainlyachievedthrou,thefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangeaccountedfor40%-70%andsuchpercentageofloansfluctuatedbetween60%and80%.Thesum-totalofthetwopercentageexceeded100%,Chinawithdrewsomemoneysupplyinthemarket,,,thetotal-sumofthetwopercentageswasaround100%,thenewlyincreasedcreditsaccountedforabout80%whiletheincreasedfundsoutstandingforforeignexchangesawasubstantialdecrease,leavingthesum-totalofthetwofactorslessthan100%,Chinahadtorelyonmoremoneysupplymeanssuchasreducingthescaleofcentralbankbills,increasingpublicmoneyissue,entdirectlytotheforeigntradeenterprises(smallandmedium-sizedcompaniesincluded).However,whentheamountofthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangedecreased,themoneysupplyreturnedtobedrivenmainlybyalfinancingstructureAsthemarket-basedinterestrateandtheeasedmarketaccessfacilitatetheintegrationofdifferentmarkets,China%,arecordlow,%%,,nslikesmallloancompanies,guaranteecompanies,pawnshops,peer-to-peer(P2P)lendingcompanies,%%attheendof2012,thesum-totalofthepercentagesinbondandstockfinancingofsuchenterprisescontinuedtoincreasefrom14%%squantitativecontroltoolsbecomelesseffective,,Chinashouldmakethemarketmoresensitivet,moneysupplyandsocialfinancingwererelativelyeasedcomparedtotheGDPandinflationin2012,thesmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswerech,largenumbersofenterpriseshavingtroubleincashflowcouldacquirehigh-costfundsthroughsociallendingchannels,,thelocalgovernmentandstate-ownedenterpriseswithhugefunddemsin2012,,,accountingfor23%.,,theloan-to-depositratio,andthecapitaladequacyratio,bankstendtohavealimitedcre,thefinancingdifficultyandthehighfinancin,relevantdepartmentsshouldmakejointeffortstolowerthelocalgovernmentandstate-ownedenterprisesoccupationfohinaseconomyhassteppedintoanewdevelopmentstage,whichcanbedemonstratedintheoutstandingstructural(aperiodic)%since2002,buttheratedroppedaround20%,theratiooflong-andmedium-termbankloansalsosufferedacontinuousdroptoabout18%bytheendof2012whilethenon-financialenterprisesevensawa,thecapitaldemandsinChineseinfrastructureandrealestatewilltakeonadownwardtendencyduetothecapitalrestraints,whichrequiresChinatoseekforneweffectivefunddemands....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

          习近平在统筹推进新冠肺炎疫情防控和经济社会发展工作部署会议上的讲话

          ByWangWeiLiuTao,DRCTaskForceon"IssuesFacingSmallandMedium-sizedEnterprises:CountermeasuresunderNewCircumstances",2011Theservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesisasystemfortheseenterprisestogainaccesstosuchfactorresourcesasinformation,fundsandtrainedpersonnelaswellasrelevantproducerservicesinthecourseofestablishing,lopmentofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesandisalsoamainchannelforthegovernmenttoimplementpoliciestowardsmallandmedium-dmedium-sizedenterprisesSincetheguidelineon"nurturingtheservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises"wasputforwardatthe4thPlenarySessionofthe15thCPCCentralCommitteeheldin1999,Chinahas,throughaseriesofsupportivepolicies,setupaninitialframeworkoftheservicesystemwiththestate-ownedserviceagenciesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesasthemainstayandgovernment-supportedsocialintermediaryserviceagencies(tradeassociations,chambersofcommerceandnonprofitorganizations)amajoragenciesinthecectservicefunctionsofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesbythegovernment,suchagencieswereestablishedwithgovernmentfunds,whichprovidedservicestosmallandmedium-siz,therehadbeen525state-ownedserviceagenciesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesacrossthecountryandabout1/3ofprovinces,regionsandmunicipalitieshadsetuptheserviceagenciesattheprovincial,,thestate-ownedserviceagencieshavealsojoinedhandswithmorethan4,000socialized,,thenumberofcreditguaranteeinstitutionsforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesreached5,547,,,theinformationservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseshasexpandedfromanationalstationin2000to47provincialstationsand949subsidiarystations,ope,,thecentralgovernmenthasmadeatotalinputofapproximately180millionyuanandcompletedthefreecentralizedtrainingof300,000persons,thelong-distancenet-basedtrainingof500,,thecentralgovernmenthasmotivatedlocalgove,,thece,providingsupportfor522serviceagenciesandofferedservicesto119,,,thecentralgovernmenthasarrangedthebudgetaryspecialfundsandspecialdevelopmentfundsfortheservicesystemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestotaling500millionyuanandsupported238constructionprojectsconductedinregionsa,23provinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitieshaveprovidedfundsupportfortheconstructionandoperationoftheplatformswithanearmarkedfundof480millionyuanand1,,relevantfacilitationshaveb,theStatesetupthe"InternationalMarketExploitationFundforSmallandMedium-sizedEnterprises"tosubsidizesuch,theChinaInternationalSmallandMediumEnterprisesFairhasbeenheldatregularintervals,furtheringtheconstructionofthecont,theStatehasalsoactivelyinitiatedandencouragedlargeenterprisestosetuprelativelystablecoordi,theservicesystemhasalsoachievedprogressintermsoflegalserviceandmanagementconsultingandhasfacilitatedthedevstemforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesWhenadvancingtheconstructionoftheservicesystem,alllocalitieshavemadeinnovativeexplorationsofservi,innovationsaremadeonmodeoforder-basedpurchaseofservicesbysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,namely,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesplaceordersthroughquestionnaires,,thestate-ownedserviceagenciesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesorganizefinesocialresourcestooffertherightspecialservicesand,innovationsaremadeonmodeofserviceconnection,servicealliancesorspecializedsupermarketsaresetupforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,professionalserviceagenciesofcreditguarantee,managementconsulting,technologypopularizationandtaxationagencyareselectedtorealizethelinkageofsmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswithexcellentserviceresourcesandtooffer,agenciesofthistypehaveservedanaccumulativetotalofmorethan600,000smallandmedium-sizedenterprises.ByXiangAnbo,ResearchTeamon"StudyofGovernment-CorporateRelationsofStrategicEmergingIndustries",theEnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo6,2011TheoverallperformanceofChinasInternetofThingsisgood,,enterprisesdonothavematurecommercialmodels,,,governmentandenterprisesshouldworktogethertocultivatemassmarketdemand,developkeytechnologies,establishtechnologyandapplicationstandards,buildsupportinginfrastructures,protectinformationsecurityandprivacy,andpromotecooperationbetweenindustry-relatedregulatorydepartmentsandcoordinationbetweenenterprises,,improvinggovernment-corporaterelationsandformingadevelopmentpatternthatfeaturesgovernmentpromotion,corporateinitiativeandgovernment-cor,countriesaroundtheworldpaymuchattentionto,astheInternetofThingsofferscomprehensiveperception,reliabletransmissionandintelligenthandling,itcanensurehumanbeingstohaveatechnologicalbasisforthereal-timecontrol,,theInternetofThingscanberegardedasapenetrationoftheInternetintorealeconomy,whoseindustrialchainincorporatesmoreupstreamanddownstreamparticipantsandwidensth,,theInternetofThingsisahighlandforthefuturecompetitionbetweenvariouscountriesinthefiel,theInternetofThingsisalsoabosnewindustrializationprocessanericaninthefieldofInternetofThingsapplicationresearches,ry,andcitieslikeBeijing,Shanghai,,severalInternetofThingsindustrialalliancesarebeingformedinChina,andth,therelevantauthoritiesshouldpaymuchattention,observethelawsofindustrialandtechnologicaldevelopment,associatedwithChinasInternetofThingsdevelopmentInthecourseofrapiddevelopmentofInternetofThings,theenterprisesinChinaalsofacesomechallenges,whichcannsInternetofThingsindustryisstillintheinitial,inadequateunderstandingandhighapplicationc,Chinashouldchangeitsoldmindsetandpractice,giveequalemphasistobothdemandandsupplyends,tapthepotentialoftheChinesemarket,andcultivatsthathavepracticalfunctionsandcancreatevalues,andtoinnovatecommercialmodelssothattheInternetofThingsenterprisesinChinacanboostthe,theInternetofThingsasastrategicemergingindustryhasthe,whenthereisnoeffectiveinterest-sharingmechanism,Internetoperatorsandothercorporateoligarchsmayabusetheirmonopolisticpowerstopreventfair,thegovernmentshouldstrengthenplanning,regulationandcoordinationforInternetofThingsdevelopmentsoastoeffectivelybalanceandharmonizetheinterestsofdifferentparties,encouragetheircooperation,,stabilizingqualityanden,Chinastillhasnounifiedstandards,integration,deploymentandmaintenanceandtodevelopemergingindustriesandalsoanintelligence-basedinfrastructureforChinato,,thegovernmentshouldmakeproperinvestmentatapropertimeorencouragethethreemajortelecomoperators,cableoperatorsandrelated,thegovernmentshoulduseinvestmentandothermeasurestobuildpublicoperatingandserviceplatformsandatthesametimeguideenterprisestomakeinvestmentinbuildingapplicationplatformsthatwillserverelevantindustries.ByZhaoChangwen,,2011Therecentfinancingdifficultyconfrontings,thisfinancingdifficultyhasbecomeamajorfactorthatmayaffe,weconductedasweeping,wehavethefollowingviewsoverwhetherthemonetarypolicyshouldbeadjustedtoeasethisfinancingdifficulty:ationofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,ainlycomesfromthefactthatinfaceofhigh-levelinflationandstronginflationexpectation,thedrasticallyrisingcostshavesharpenedthecontradictionbetweentherapidgrowthofthefinancingdemandandthelimitedgrowthofthefinancingsupplycapacityandthuswidenedthedebtfinancing"gap".So,,thefinancingsupplycapacityshouldbeexpandedandthefinancingdemandshouldbecontainedsothatthe"financinggap",ducedbyTightMonetaryPolicyCurrently,thefinancingdifficu:One,smallandmedium-sized,thisdifficultyhasbeenrepeatedlyreportedbyvariousmediaan,theReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011pointsoutthat"Theobjectivedifficultyforlarge,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoacquireloanswillgrowindifferentdegrees."OursurveyconductedinthecitiesofHangzhou,Suzhou,Chengdu,DalianandQingdaoallindicatethatover80%ofrespondententerprises,smalland,sIndustrialEconomyin2011,theMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnologynotesthat"Theoverallcostforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoacquirebankloanshasrisenatleast13%."TheReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011alsoindicatesthat"Theinterestrateoftheloansgrantedbyfinancialinstitutionstonon-financiale%inJune,"Accordingtoasurveyreport,entitledTheCurrentFourPhenomenaofSmall-BusinessFinancinginFaceofMacroRegulationDeserveAttentionandpreparedbyChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,mostbankinginstitutionsinacentrally-administeredmunicipalityhaveraisedtheirbenchmarkinterestrateby20%~30%andsomeofthemhaveevenraisedtherateby50%~60%.Meanwhile,,consultingfee,releasingloansonthebasisofdepositdeductionandothermethods,theyhaverealizedanoverallreturnrateforsmallbusinessloansthatisnolessthan40%um-sizedenterp,privateusuriousloanshavebecsBankofChina,89%%enterprisesinthecityofWenzhouhavebeeninvolvedinprivatefsPrivateFinancingMarket%inJune,%smallenterpris,themonthlyinterestratewasashighas15%.InthecitiesofXiamenandShishiinFujianProvince,severalenterpr,somepeoplecitetheReportoftheCentralBankontheExecutionofChinasMonetaryPolicyintheSecondQuarterof2011andmaintainthattheactualfinancingdiff"AttheendofJune2011,thebalanceoftheRMBloans(includingbilldiscount),%,,%yearonyearand9percentagepointshigherthantheaveragegrowthrateofallloans."donotandcannotaccuratelyreflecttherealfinancingdemandofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesorthesizeofthesupply-demand"gap".Infact,weknowfromoursurveythatafterthefinancialcrisis,manysmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseshaverapidlyexpandedproductionandoperation,adjustedproductstructureandcarriedoutindustrialtransformationinordertomeetingtheneedofmarketcompetition,andt,,wecannotsimplytakethegrowthofbankloanbalanceasanindicationof"afurtherimprovementofthefinancingconditionsoftheseenterprises".Therehavebeenmanyexplanationsaboutthe:LiZhijunTheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhave,basedonthestates863Program,973Program,theProgramfortheStudyandIndustrializationofGeneticallyModifiedPlants,andtheProgramfortheIndustrializationofNewandHighTechnologies,theexecutivemeetingoftheStateCouncildeliberatedandapprovedinprincipletheim,progresshasbeenmadeinthecultureofnewtransgenicvarieties,thecloningofnewgenes,transgenictechnology,bio-safetytechnology,andtheindustrializationofthesetechnologiesthroughcontinuedeffort,theStateCouncilissuedPoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industry,inwhichitsetforwardtheconceptof"acceleratingthebuildingofbio-industryintoapillarhi-techindustryandoneofthestatesstrategicemergingindustries".:"Continuetocarryoutimportanttechnologicalprogramsforcultivatingnewtransgenicvarieties;acceleratethedevelopmentoffunctionalgenesandnewbiologicalvarietieswithhighpracticalvalueandproprietaryintellectualpropertyrights;promotetheindustrializationofnewtransgenicvarietiesonthebasisofscientificevaluationandadministrationaccordingtolaw."Effortsarebeingintensifiedandthelegalsystemrefinedfortheprotectionoftheintellectualproperty(IP)ofChinawing:Article25ofthePatentLaw;afewsectionsintheStateIntellectualPropertyOffices"GuidelinesforExamination";RegulationsonAgriculturalTransgenicBio-safety;theStateCouncilinJune2008andthePoliciesforAcceleratingtheDevelopmentofBio-industrydistributedbytheGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncil,whichcontainexplicitrulesonreinforcingbio-safetyandIPprotection,,themainproblemsinthisrespectare:imperfectlegislation,whichisdisjointedandonalowlevel;inadequatemacro-coordinationbetweendepartmentsandweaklawenforcement;insufficiantstrategicmoveforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicaladvancesTransgenictechnology,whichisessentialtomodernbiotechnology,isknownas"oneofthemajortechnologiesappliedmostrapidlyinhumanhistory".Touseittocultivatehigh-yield,high-quality,multiresistantandefficientnewvarietiescanreducetheinputofpesticidesandfertilizersandisverymeaningfulforeasingtheresourceconstraints,protectingecologicalenvironment,improvingthequalityofproducts,ationoftransgen,enthusiasticallyfollowedbydevelopingcountries,havedesignatedtransgenictechnologyasastrategicfocusforseizingthefuturecommandingpositionofscienceandtec,genomics,andinformationsciencehasspurredtherapidprogressoftransgenic;newgenes,propertiesandproductsareconstantlyemerging;,newtransgenicvarietiesaroundtheworldaretransformingfromfirst-generationproductssuchaspest/herbicide-resistantvarietiestosecond-generationproductswithbetternutritionandhigheryieldsandthird-generationproductssuchasindustrialproducts,medicine,,th,typicallysoybeans,cotton,maizeandrape,(1mu=1/15ha.)esolutiontotheconstraintsoffarmland,waterandotherresources,tonationalfoodsecurity,antstrategygearedtofutureglobalcompetitionandthespecializationofindustries,andavitalapproachtoensuringnationalfoodsecurity;itisalsoamajordevelopmentstrategyforboostingagriculturethroughscientificandtechnologicalaecultivationofnewtransgenicvarieties,trytoseizetheeconomicandtechnologicalcommandingposition,andacceleratethestudyandapplicationoftransgenictechnology,inordertoprovidescientificandtechnologicalsupportforthesustainabledevelopmentofChinaIPoftransgenictechnologyFirst,thedevelopmentoftransgenictechn,transgenictechnologyhasamajorimpactontraditionalIPintermsofthesubjects,objects,tationduringimplementationmakesitdifficultattransgenictechnologycombinesthepartialgenesofmicroorganisms,plants,animals,ande,takingadvantageofloopholesinWTOlegislation,somedevelopedcountriesrestricttransgenicbio-productswithgreenbarriers,fthelackofafinalconclusionaboutthesafetyofgeneticallymodifiedorganisms(GMOs)intheinternationalcommunitya,certainrestrictionso,regardingthedevelopmentoftransgenictechnology,developedcountrieshavepowe,thebiodiversityresourcesindevelopingcountriesareyettobeeffectivelelatedAspectsofIntellectualPropertyRightshasbroughtaboutanunprecedenteddevelopmentandunificationoftheglobalIPregime,buttheglobalgeneticresourcesprotectionsystembuiltaroundtheConventiononBiologicalDiversityhasjustbeenlaunchedandislessenforceablethantheAgreement,hencetheglobalsituationofthes,developedcountriesvoraciouslypreyonandtakecontrolofthegeneticresourcesofdevelopingcountries,developnewvarietiesofcropswithadvancedtechnology,applyforpatentprotection,andgainhugeprofitsbysellingtheresultstodevelopingcountriesaspatentedtechnologiesandfruitsathighprices.ByChenJianpengLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo168,2012Sincetheturnofthe21stcentury,progresshasbeenmadeinChina,pollutionstillincreasesonthewholecurrentlyinChina,dinlinewiththeinvestigationsandresearchesintothecontrolexercisedbyvariouslocalitiesoverenvironmentalpollution,thisreportreviewsinretrospectsthecontroloverenvironmentalpollutioncarriedoutsincethe21stcenturyand,inthemeantime,itlooksaheadtotheenv(1)ThegrowthoftotalCODdischargedhasbeenbasicallyheldincheckDuring2001~2010,thetotalamountofchemicaloxygendemand(COD)dischargedfromwastewaternationwideshowedadownwardtrendonthewhole,,CODdischargedfromindustrialchemicalsdecreased,;,,CODdischargedfromwastewaternationwideincreasedinsteadofdecreasing,,thetotalamountofCODdischargedrespectivelyfromwastewater,industri,%over2005,outperformingtheoverallemissionreductiontasksetinthe11thFive-YearPlan3.

          赵克志:强化打击整治 推进禁毒斗争 为新中国成立70周年创造良好社会环境

          ByFengFeiXuWei,ResearchTeamon"Adjustment,TransformationandUpgradingofKeyIndustries",DRCResearchReportNo203,2009Environmentalindustryisageneraltermfortheactivitiesoftechnologyandproductdevelopment,commercialcirculation,resourceutilization,informationserviceandengineeringcontractingdesignedtocontrolenvironmentalpollution,,environmentalindustrymainlyreferstotheend-of-pipetreatmentofenvironmentalissues,includingtheprovisionofproductsandservicesrequiredforpollutioncontrol,emissionreduction,pollutantclearance,,environmentalindustryreferstothewholeprocessofpossibleenvironmentalpollutionandcoversalllinksfromthedesign,,productsandservicesthatcanreduceenvironmentalrisksandminimizepollutionandresourceconsumption,butalsotheactivitiesofresourcemanagement,resourceexploitation,:theproductsandtechnologiesforend-of-pipetreatment,theintegratedutilizationofresources,~2008period,themarketscaleoftheglobalenvironmentalindustryrosefromUS$740billiontoUS$1,050billion,increasingnearly6%ann,theenvironmentalindustryhasmadefastprogressinmarketscale,te,whentheworldisaddressingfinancialcrisisandclimatechangeanddevelopinglow-carboneconomy,theenvironmentalindus8for"greeneconomy"and"greennewdeal",somecountrieshavetakenactionstospureco,theEuropeanUnionwillinvest105billioneurobefore2013tosupportthedevelopmentofgreeneconomyintheEurozone,ofwhich54billioneurowillbeusedtohelpmemevelopmentsurgeafterthefinancialcrisisandthatmodernenvironmentaltechnologieswillbecometheindustryg-termimplicationstoforminganewgrowthareaintheeconomy,promotingt,energyconservationandenvironmentalprotectionhavegainedunprecedentedmomen,Chinacanusepoliciestofurtherspuritsenvironmentalindustry,iftherhythmisproperlycontrolled,sothatitcanbecomeanewstrategicindustrywithbothenvironmentalandeconomicefficiencies,,Chinasenvironmentalindustrypostedatotaloutputvalueof790billionyuan,%ofthecountrysGDP,,thesectorsofenvironmentalequipmentandenvironmentalservicesrespectivelynetted70billionyuanand60billionyuan,%and6%senvironmentalindustryisstillrelativelysmallinscale,~2008period,China%,,or120billionyuanforenvironmentalequipment,100billionyuanforenvironmentalservices,250billionyuanforcleantechnologiesandproducts,scurrentenvironmentalquality,itsenviron,only65%ofurbansewagewastreatedandasmanyas194prefecturecitiesand78%,withlessthan20%,~2015period,investmentsusedforurbansewagetreatment,householdgarbagedetoxification,desulfurizationanddenitrificationfacilitiesareexpectedtoreach450billionyuan,150billionyuan,,investmentsinthefourareaswilltotal756billionyuan,s,theoperationalscalesofthefourareasareexpectedtoreach39billionyuan,16billionyuan,,duringthe2011~2015period,anadditional43billionyuanwillbespentannuallyontheecologicalrestorationofdepletedminesandtheintegratedimprovementoftheheavymetal-co,asChinahasnotfullygraspedcoretechnologies,,desulfurizationequipmentandsewagetreatmentequipment,i,Chinahasnotgraspedthetechnologiesforthecost-effectivetreatmentofsludge,thetreatmentofhigh-densityandindecomposableindustrialwastewater,thecontrolofcoal-firedNOx,themonitoringandremovalofwaterbloom,,Chinastillhastoimportthecontrolchipsforthepowersourcesofelectrostaticprecipitators,theheat-resistantfiltersandpulsevalvesofbagprecipitators,thedenitrificationcatalysts,dgarbageincinerationequipmentarenotsostable.

          【扫黑除恶】扫黑除恶专项斗争应知应会知识100问(一)

          ByChenDaofu,ResearchTeamon"DeepingtheReformofRuralCreditCooperatives",ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo151,elopmentofRuralCreditCooperativesDespitethereformsandchangeofcompetentauthorities,thepolicyandcom,eventheone-of-the-kindinsomeregions,theruralcredit"givingpolicysupporttoagriculture,facilitatinglocaldevelopment,guardingagainstrisksthroughsupervisionandearningprofitontheirown",theruralcreditcooperativesfindsitselfinadilemmaofattendingtosustainablebusinrcialization,theruralcreditcooperativesarealsofacingthequestionofhowtosetupthesustainablebusinessdevelopmentmodelthroughtransformationsoastoservetheever-growing"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"aswellasmicroandsmallenterprises(MSEs).sdevelo"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprisesare"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers",thedevelopmentoftheindustrialeconomyandthewitheringofthesectorrelatedto"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"berofpeopleengagedinagriculture,"emptyvillages",someagriculture-basedenterpriseshavebeguntodeve,greatchangeshave,,theunse,,efoundthemselvesnotinapositiontoadapttotheneedfordiversifiedeconomicdevelopmentinruralareasandthatthecounty-levelcorporatejointcooperativesareunabletoadapttothechangeinruralcapitalneedsforlackofcapitalfundandfundcapacity(loanratioforeachsinglecustomerisrestricted)andduetorelativelylowpersonnelquality(productdevelopmentabilityislimited).Intermsofthefeaturesofthefinancialperformance,thereisaworldofdifferenceinbusinessmodelandriskmanagementapplicabletoservicesofferedtoindustryandurbanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprisesaswellastothesectorof"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprises,andtherequirementsformanagementstructure(governancemechanism)dstandardized,witheachamountbeinghandsome,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontopledge,"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andtomicroandsmallenterprisesarerelativelysimpleandlessstandardized,witheachamountbeingsmall,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontoactualservicesandcashflowsandlayemphasisonlawoflargenumbers,informationt,theformercallsforcompletesetupofsectionsandstressesstandardizationandinteraction,whilethelatteremphasizesontheflexibilityontheprem,toservewhichevertypesofrealeconomies,theeconomiesofscaleandeconomiesofscopedoexistinthefinancialsectoranddsize,ematicrisksforasingl,differentservicegroupswillleadtodifferentbusinessoperationandriskmanagementmodelsforfinancialinstitutions,yetthesustainableoperationsaleoperationarenotboundtohappenandshouldnotcompletelygoagainsttheprovisionofeffectivefinancialservicesforspecificgroups,w,changeofruralcreditcooperativesservicetargetshasposedaedoffastheywereNamely,whetherthecooperativesshouldbeallowedtoexpandtheirdistrictsofoperationtodiversifyandwidentheirbusinessscaleandchangetheirmanagementmodel,itisthechangeoftheeconomicenvironmentthathasposedaquestionofpositioningofthecreditcooperatives,thatis,whetherthecooperativesshouldchangewiththegrowthoftheservicetargetsorjustconcentrateont,thereisalsoaquestionofwhatmethodsaremoreeffectiveintheendtosatisfythefinancialservicedemandarisingfrom"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenethebusinessdevelopmentmodelsthatconformtotheeconomicdevelopmentandlawoffinancialoperationassumedinvariouslocalitiesandmaintaincommercialsustainability.

          热门资讯
          嵊州市纪律监察委员会网站 廉政视频

          Aftertheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,,thewwgrowth;emergingeconomieswillbecomethenewengineofworldeconomicgrowth;developedcountrieswillstrivetorejuvenatemanufacturingindustrywhiledevelopingcountrieswillaccelerateforeigninvestment,bothofwhichwillbecometwonewmajordrivingforcestopromotethedivisionofglobalvaluechain;"innovativedevelopment"willattractgreatattention,emergingindustrieswillgathermomentumfordevelopment,andcompetitionforpossessingaleadingpositionintermsofindustrialandtechnologicaldevelopmentwillbecomefiercer;globalenergystructureandthesupply-demandpatternwillwitnessprofoundchanges;theeasymonetarypolicyadoptedbydevelopedcountriestorespondtothecrisiswillcauseworldwideliquiditysurplusandintensifyfinancialfluctuationandinflation;globaleconomicgovernancemechanismreformwillbefurtherpromoted;andregionalintegrationgesrelatedtothe,externalenvironmentforChina’sdevelopment,andconakeinnovationstothestrategyandmodeofopeningupsoastobuildupnewadvantageswhileavoidingdisadvantagesandgetbetterpreparedtoparticipateinglobalcompeti,theworldeconomyexperiencedanover-one-decadephaseofhighgrowthandprosperity,especiallytheperiodfrom2004to2007,%,upnea:first,technologicalrevolutionrepresentedbyinformationandcommunicationtechnologiesandInternet;second,dividendofeconomicglobalization;third,peacedividendbroughtbydisintegrationoftheformerSovietUnionandendoftheColdWar;fourth,systemdividendresult,astheEuropeansovereigndebtcrisisbrokeout,,theUnitedStates,EuropeandJapan,allplungedintodepression,overallgrowthofdevelopedeconomiesinthepasttwoyearswasonlyslightlyhigherthan1%,,%,%%-%,highdeficit,fthedifficulty,anditisnoeasyjobfortheirgovernments,enterprisesandhouseholdstorenovatebalancesheetsthrough"de-leverage"(illustratedasbelow).Thetotaldependencyratioofglobalpopulationwillstarttorisesince2015,whichwillexertanegativeinfluenceoversavingrateandinvestmentrate.

          中国共产党第十九届中央委员会第四次全体会议公报

          ByLvWei,ResearchTeamon"SystemandMechanismConducivetoTechnologyReformofTraditionalIndustry",DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo141,2012Therestructuringandupgradingoftraditionalindustriesisnotsomethingthatcanbeaccomplishedovernight,reformoftraditionalindustries,enterprisesintraditionalindustrieshavebeenconstantlyrestructuri,theincreasingfactorpricesandthepressurefromresourcesandenvironmenthavedrivenforwa,modelsandpolicyenvironmentforrestructuringandupgradingtraditionalindustriessuchasapparel,buildingmaterials,displays,computernumericalcontrol(CNC)machinetools,heRestructuringandUpgradingofTraditionalIndustriesThedrivingforceandmodelsofrestructuringandupgradingvaryindifferentindustriesduetotheirdifference,footwearheadwearindustry:increasingfactorcostsdriveforwardtherestructuringandupgraditoacombinationoffactorsincludingtheincreaseinlaborprice,rawmaterialprice,water,electricitygasprices,infinancingandlogisticscosts,tothelostsomeoftheordersforexport,andsomeforeignbrandshavebeguntomovetheirOEM(originalequipmentmanufacturer),somecompetitive,themodelsofenterpriserestructuringandupgradingincludethefollowing:First,updatingequipmenttoimprovelaborproductivity,,suchapparelenterprisesasJiangsu-basedBosidengInternationalHoldingsLimitedandZibo-basedLutaiTextileCo.,"high-efficiencyandshortened-processembeddingspinningtechnology"onitsown,abreakthroughfromthetraditionalspinningtechnology,reducingt,movingfromlow-endmanufacturingtothehighendoft,integratingdomesticandforeignenterprisesandfactorsofproductionwithbrandedenterprisestakingthelead,,somebrandedenterpriseshaveimprovedtheirproductionorganizationandreformedtheirbusinessmodel,suchasprocessingoutsourcing,mergingwithandrestructuringSMEs,,someenterprises,adjustin,someenterprisessuchasWuxi-basedHongdouGroupandTaicang-basedXiangtangGrouphaveenteredthefieldsofbiotechnologyandnewenergy,whilesomehavesteppedintotherealestateindustry,usingprofitsfromnon-corebusinesstosupporttheirbusinessofapparel,:energy-conservationandenvironmental-protectionregulationsaswellasresourcepricesdriveforwardindustrialrestructuringandupgradingThebuildingmaterialsindustryisanendemissionreduction,thecountryhasraisedthestandardsonenvironmentalprotection,energyconservationandemissionreductionandreinforcedlawenforcement,forcingenterprisestomake,thedrasticincreaseinrawmaterialandenergypricesdroveenterprisestotaketheinitiativetoaccelerat,developingnewproductsandextendingtheindustrialchain,buildingmaterialsenterprisesfocusmainlyonupdatingtheirexistingprocessesandequipmentwithth,throughtheNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionsinternationalcooperationprogramonenergyconservationandemissionreduction,AnhuiConchCementCompanyLimitedcooperatedwithJapaneseKawasakiHeavyIndustries,,whichhasnotonlyprovidedequipmentforitsinternaltechnologicaltransformationintermsofenergyconservationandemissionreductionandrecycling,butledtothefoundingofajointventure–ConchKawasakiEquipmentManufacturingCo.,,alargeprivateglassproducer,hasimplementedwasteheatpowergenerationanddesulphurizationde-dustingprojectsforitsnineproductionlines–withagrossinvestmentofRMB112million–incollaborationwithdomesticcollegesanduniversities,researchinstitutesandenvironmentalequipmentmanufacturers,:theapplicationofnewtechnologiesdrivesforwardtheupgradingofthemanufacturingtechnologyoftheentireindustryThecolorTVmanufacturingin,byintroducingandabsorbingadvancedforeigntechnology,Chinabuiltthecomplete"colorTVset–colorCRT–glassscreen"industrialchain,,theemergenceofLCDtechnologiesdealtaheavyblowontheChinesecolorTVindustry,whitryisthatmostenterpriseshavereplacedtheiroldproductionlineswithimportedones,:ThefirstisdirectlyimportingJapaneseandKoreanproductionlinesthroughjointinvestmentwithsuchcompaniesasSamsung,LG,AUO,CHIMEIandSHARP,,,Beijing-basedBOETechnologyGroupCo.,byacquiringHYDIS,asubsidiaryofHyundaiCorporation,andthroughconstantassimilationandindependentRD,,inclosecollaborationwithTsinghuaUniversity,Beijing-basedVisionoxhasdevelopedkeytechnologiesforOLEDmaterials,componentsandprocesses,successfullyproducedmonochromatic,multicoloredandcoloredPMOLEDdisplaysandcoloredAMOLEDdisplaydevices,andbuiltaPMOLEDdisplayproductionlineinKunshan,:themarketdemandandgovernmentsupportpromotetechnologicalupgradingandinnovationAsatechnology-intensiveequipmentmanufacturingindustry,theCNCmachinetools,theChineseCNCmachinetoolsindustryhasbeentroubledbythelackofcoretechnologies,weeksupportingcapacity,andtheunbalancedproductstructurewithexcessoflow-endproductsandshortageofhigh-endones,sandkeyfunctionalunits,butsomedevelopedcountrieshaveimposedrestrictio,theCNCmachinetoolsindustryhasremainedakeyncludesthehigh-classCNCmachinetoolsandfundamentalmanufacturingtechn,theemergenceofstrategicemergingindustries,andtherapiddevelopmentoftheequipmentmanufacturingindustry,thedomesticdemandonlow-endCNCmachineshasdr,theCNCmachinetoolsindustryisinurgentneedofrestructuringandproductupgrading.,oftheinterviewedenterprises,25sawtheirsalesrevenuegrowingrapidly(byover10%),38sawtheirgrowingsteadily(by5%~10%),13sawtheirgrowingslowly(by0~5%)%,only1islistedand4arestate-owned,%%%oftheirtotalemployeesduring2007~2011,%,theave,9sawtechnicallevelsoftheirmanufacturingequipmentlivinguptointernationaladvancedlevelsand13sawtheirsreachingtheadvanceddomesticlevels,suggestingthatequipmenttechnologiesareofvitalimportancetoproductqualityandcompetitivepower,%ofthetextileenterprisesinChinawereshortofworkersinvaryingdegreesand,inthefirsthalfof2012,%,,17ofthe81surveyedtextileenterprisesthoughttheyhadsufficienthumanresources,yetmostoftheenterprisessaidthatitwasquitedifficultforthemtorecruitgeneralandtechnierelargeenterprises,%ofallsurveyedlargeenterprisesand,3ofthe9enterprisesalsomentionedtheyhaddifficultyrecruitingskilledworkersandthatthenewrecruitswerelesscapable,suggestingthatproblemslikelaborshortageandinabilitytoretainpersonnelexistatlargeandtheproblemsarenotmuch,6ofthe17enterprisesthatheldthattheyhadsufficienthumanresourcessawtheirsalesrevenueincreasingbymorethan10%inrecent3yearsand10sawtheirsupby5%~10%,%,suggestingthatenterpriseswithgoodbusinessperformancearelessboggeddowninseriouslaborsh,19weremedium-sizedandsmallandmicro-sizedenterprises,makingup76%,suggestingthatlargeenterprisesaremoreattractivetotalentedpeople.ByGongSen,ZhangWenkuiChenChangshengResearchReportNo122,2010Ensuringandimprovingpeopleswell-beinginvolvesemploymentpromotion,incomedistribution,education,healthcare,housingguarantee,socialassistanceandsocialinsurance,andtheliableentitiesincludeindividuals,families,employingunits,ermsofeducation,healthcare,housing,,thefirstthreearebasicpublicservi~2015,irst30yearssincereformandopeningup,sassumethattheannualaverageexportgrowthrateis12%orsobetween2010~2015,~%during2010~2015period,thenaccordingtothepreliminarycalculationmadeatconstantpricesof2008,thedeclineoftheexpo~,,,basedonthedifferencesinaddedvalueratesofbothdomesticandforeigndemand,securityandthehouseholdconsumptionratearebothonthelowside,sdomesticdemand,investmenthasgrownhighly,,theimprovem,tofurthertapthelatentpotentialitiesforthegrowthofthxpenditureinclusiveofsocialinsurancefund,theproportionofexpenditureonbasicsocialsecurity(includingeducation,healthcareandhousing)intotalexpenditurespentbythegovernmentsofcountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000~%onanaverage(,,DC.),whilesuchaproportioninChinaregistered38%orsoin2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings).Comparingthetwopercentages,GDP,,healthcare,housingsecurity,socialassistanceandold-agelife,%(WangShanmai,"GivingPrioritytoDevelopingSocialSecurityRequiresUrgentInput",,January13,2009),2%(WHO,),1%(LiuZhifeng,"DevelopingLow-rentHousingIsaMoveforImprovingtheUrbanHousingSecuritySystem",,May25,2008),%(Weigand,,DC:WorldBank.)%[Asher,:,Robert,etal.(eds.)ClosingtheCoverageGap::WorldBank.]respectively,%,whileproportionsoffivetypesoffinancialexpenditurespentbyChinain2008(figuredoutaccordingtoChinaFinancialYearbook,2009,ChinaSocialInsuranceYearbook,2009andstatisticalbulletinsondevelopmentofsocialundertakings)%,%,%,%and0%respectively,%.ComparingthepercentagesbetweenChinaandtheaforesaidcountries,,,,,rsandthehouseholdconsumptionrate,thehouseholdconsumptionrateoftheEastAsiancountrieswiththeirper-capitaGDPreaching3000USdollarsorsoshouldbearound60%(/WDI.),%,ionofnationalincometoisprimarydistributionofitsnationalincome,theabsoluteincomelevelo,theincomegapbetweenregions,ruralandurbanareas,,someproblemsthatcropupintheprimarydistributionhav,slaborshareisbasicallyinlinewiththe"UCurve"(Inthecourseoftheeconomicdevelopmentinvariouscountries,thechangeoflaborshareinprimarydistributionshowstheUCurve,namely,thelaborsharedeclinesbeforeitrises,,LiuLinlinWangHongling:"UCurveofLaborShareEvolutioninGDP",EconomicResearch,1stIssueof2009)supportedbyinternationalstatistics,andthewideningincomegapbetweenChineseresidentsalsotallieswith"KuznetsCurve"(WangXiaoluFanGang:"AnAnalysisoftheTrendsoftheIncomeGapinChinaandtheInfluencingFactors",EconomicResearch,10thIssueof2005).AccordingtoKuznetsanalysis(Kuznets,,AmericanEconomicReview,)ofthechangingincomegap,asimilarityexistsbetweenChinaandthecountriesofmaturemarketeconomy,namely,industrializationandurbanizationwillinitiallycauseandaggravatethelowratioofthelaborshareinincomedistributionandthegrowingdisparityandwillyetimprovetheincomedistributioninthelongrun.ByGeYanfeng,YuDongandZhangBingzi,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo87,2012Developmentofsocialpoliciesandrelatedinstitutionalimprovementsnotonlymakeitimportanttoclarifythetrendofreformanddevelopmentinvariousfieldsandspecificpolicies,butalsorequireadvancementofinstitutionalreforminrelatedfieldsandimprovementoftheoperationalmechanism,especiallyintermsoftechnologyselectionandmanagementinkeyfields,soastochallengesexperiencedinmakingandimplementingsocialpoliciesinChina,wewouldliketodrawattentiontothefollowingaspects:nTermsofResponsibilityforSocialSecurityandPublicServiceSocialsecurityandpublicservicefallintothegovernments,thenon-smoothresponsibilityrelationshipsamonggovernmentsatdifferentlevelshaveseverelyhinderedsocialdevelopment,mentsatdifferentlevelsconcerningdecision-makingrelatedtosocialsecurityandpublicservice,aswellasfollow-upinvestment,sresponsibilityfordecision-makingandoverallplanningInthefieldofsocialsecurityandpublicservice,wemustadheretoequalityandpolicyconsistency,thusitisessentialtofurtherstrengthenthecentralgovernment,thelocalgovernmentscouldbegivenrelevantrightinmakingspecificpoliciestosomeextent,butthegeneraldirectiofthecharacteristicsofdifferenttypesofsocialsecurityandpublicservice,itmustbemadeclearwhatistheresponsibilityofthegovernmentsatahigherlevel,whatresponsibilityrestswiththelocalgovernments,especiallyatthegrass-rootslevel,,especiallythoseatthelevelofcountiesandthecounty-levelcities,areresimplementationInviewoftheimbalanceineconomicdevelopmentfromregiontoregionandthefactthatlocalgovernmentsarecountedoninthedeliveryofserviceandadministration,itisimperativetofurtherreformandimprovethecost-sharingmechanism,strengthenthecentralandprovincialgovernmentsgeneraltransferpaymenttolocalgovernments,soastoequalizethegovernments,theexpendresponsibilityforsupervisinglocalsocialdevelopmentTheobjectivesandevaluationstandardsinthisregardshouldbestipulatedbythecentralgovernmentwhiletheconcretesupervisionandeval,itisessentialt,IdentifyProductAttributesandCost-sharingMechanism,andEnsureBenefitofthePublic,atareasonablelevelofserviceisprovided,inabidtopromotestandardizationofbasicpublicserviceThelevelandstandardofsocialsecurityandpublicservicemustbeinaccordancewithdevelopmentrequirement,ertoohighnortoolow,itistheprior,areasonablelevelofflexibilitywhichcanneverbetoogreatisallowedinthisregard;withinthesameregion,th,soastoenhanceperformanceofpublicinvestmentWeshouldnotonlysteadilyincreaseinvestment,butmoreimportantlyweneedtoenhancetheperformanceofthepublicinvestmentthroughinstitutionalizationeffortsandensurtinginvestmentforroutineoperation,andest,weneedtoreinforcesupervisionuponuseofpublicfunds,standardizecapitalflow,promoteopenandtran,weneedtofullylzedITdevelopmentandapplicationinvariousfieldsandbetweendifferentregions,,weneedtopromoteapplicationanddevelopmentofITtechnology,tobettermanagesocialsecurity,mWeshouldfullydrawoninternationalexperienceinthisrespect,offerserviceforfree,withbelow-costpricingoraccordingtocostdep,itisappropriatetoprovideitforfree,orforasmallfee(forthepurposeofavoidingwaste).Regardingtheserviceandthecostofwhichneedstobesharedbyindividualsandfamilies,theindividualsabilitytopaymustbetakenintofullconsideration,andcorrespondingreduction,exemptionorsubsidypoliciesshouldbedeveloped,toavoidreversetransferpaymentandensurethebenefitofthemiddleandlow-incomesocialgroups.ByZhangQi,ResearchTeamon"WorldEconomicTrendandLandscape",ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo63,2013(Total4312)ationhasfurtherstrengthenediadjustmentofglobalizationins,dependingoninternationalizedproduction,foreigntradeandservices,cross-bordercapitalflowsandtechnicalinnovation,variouscountrieshavemadeintensifiedeffortsinopeningupinternationalmarketsandallocatingglobalresources,whichhavetighteneduptheireecovery,withliberalizationremainingasthemaintrendIn2011,globaltradeandcross-borderinvestmentuppedby44%and27%,respectively,,anindicationoftwo-wayreadjustmentofinvestmentpoliciesbyvariouscountrieshascroppedupafterthefinancialcrisis,andmostcountriescontinuetheiropenp,67newpoliciesaffectingforeigninvestmentwereunveiledglobally,andthepercentageofrestrictivepolicieshasdroppedfrom32%in2010to22%.Intermsofinstitutionalarrangement,thecontinuousandrapidgrowthofregionalandbilateralfreetradearrangement(FTA),thenumberofregionaltradeagreement(RTA)reportedtoGATTorWTOhadreachedatotalof546,,aturnaroundtoimportanteconomiesandaninstitutionalarrangementforestablishingtrans-regionalfreetrternationalizedproductionacrosstheglobeInrecentyears,tra,internationalizedproductionbytranssannualsurvey,in2011theoverseassalesrevenuesandstaffincreaseof100largesttransnationalcorporationsworldwideallgr(TNI)formeasuringinternationalizationlevel,amongnon-bankingenterprisesglobally,%%veincreasedevidentlyThepost-crisisperiodtendstogive,variouscountrieshaveincreasedRDinvestmentsandroleindustrializationoftechnicalinnovationhasalongwaytogo,breakthroughshavebeenconstantlyachievedinthenewroundoftechnicalinnovationscharacterizedbythein-depthdevelopmentandapplicationofinformationtechnologiesandbythedevelopmentofnewmaterialsandnewenergyresources,whichwillinjectnewvitalitiesforglobaleconomicgrowthandhelpsvariouscountriestoacc,issueslikeclimatechange,environmentalprotection,resourcescarcity,foodsafety,priceperformanceofbulkcommoditiesandpopulationaging,haveincreasedevidentlyacrosstheglobe,becomingcriticalfactorsaffectingthesustainableeconomicdevelopmentofvariouscountries,makingthemtobeclearlyawarethatonlybycementinginternationalcooperaemergingeconomieshavebecomeanewmotiveforceforglobalizationOveralongperiodoftime,developedcount,theeconomicgrowthofemergingeconomieswerenotablyhigherthandevelopedeconomies,overalleconomicdevelopmentassumesanacceleratedupwardtrend,andtherobustdevelopmentoftheemergingeconomiesandtheweakgrowthofdevelopedcountriesinthecourseofeconomicrecoveryhaveevidentl,between2000~2011,thedevelopedcountriesrepresentedbyG7sawtheireconomicaggregatedropfrom66%to48%,whileE24sawtheirsrisefrom16%to29%.Intermsoftradeandinvestmentvolumes,theinternationalstandingofemesimportstotheglobaltotaldroppedfromnearly50%to37%,whilethatofE24sescalatedfrom16%to28%duringthesameperiod;in2011,theratiooffinish%;in2012,,yetdevelopingcountriesattracted680billionUSdollarsofFDI,exceedingthatofdevelopedcountriesforthefirsttime,accountingforarecordhighof23%and37%respectively,developedcountrieshavealwaysplayedasthepropeller,,emergingeconomiesanddevelopingcountries,throughforeigntradeandtheattractionofinvestments,havegraduallygotintegratedwithinternationalproductionsystemandglobaldivisionoflabor,,during2008~2011nearly90%,urbanizationanddeepeningglobaldivisionofvaluechains,emergingeconomieswillshowhugegrowthpotentialsandmammothdemandforglobalresources,technologies,overseasmarketsandcross-borderinvestments,,withtheimprovementofthelivingstandards,peopleofmiddleclasswillshowupinbignumbersandwillbecomeanewspotlightforfutureconsumptiongrowth,:ADifferentWorld,aresearchreportpublishedbyUSNationalIntelligenceCouncilinDecember2012,during2000~2020,ChinasGDPgrowthwillmakeup55%oftheworldtotaland,by2030IndiaandChinawillconstitutethemajormiddle-classconsumptionshareintheworld,largerthanthetotaloftheUnitedStatesandEUputtogether.

          河南生态环境宣传教育馆监理竞争性谈判邀请公告

          Source:,CBRCsuccessivelypromulgatedsupervisionpoliciesonbank-trustcooperation,mainlyincluding:threeprinciplesoncreditassetstransfer,,completenessandcleantransfer;adjustmentofthesupervisionindicatorsforboththetransferorandthetransferee;wealthmanagementfundsshouldnotbedirectlyusedtopurchasecreditassets;commercialbanksshouldtransferoff-balancesheetbank-trustwealthmanagementcooperationbusinessintobalancesheetbeforetheendof2011,setasideloanlossprovisionsatarateof150%andincludesuchassetsinriskweightedassets;balanceofbank-trustcooperationloansshouldbereducedproportionallyby25%quarterbyquarter;%forthebank-trustcoop,theregulatoralsopromulgatedsupervisionpolicies(Table2)pertainingtotheexplicitorimplicitrepurchaseclause,truthfulnessoftradebackgroundofbillbusinessand012bytheRegulatoronWealthManagementBusinessofBanksByLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo74,2012Sincetheimplementationofreformandopening-uppolicy,the"lowcostcompetitiveadvantage"hasalwaysbeenapower,theChineseeconomyhasenteredthe"highcostera"ngenvironmentofeconomicgrowthandactivelymeetthechallengeofthe"highcostera"."HighCostEra",,withtherapidadvancementofindustrializationandurbanization,%%,,withtherapideconomicgrowththerebytheChineseCitiesLandPriceDynamicMonitoringSystem,,212yuaninthefirstquarterin2005to3,,residential,andindustrialusewentuprespectivelyfrom2,006yuanpersquaremeter,1,184yuanpersquaremeter,and482yuanpersquaremeter,inthefirstquarterof2005to5,654yuanpersquaremeter,4,518yuanpersquaremeter,,,withtherapiddevelopmentofprocessingmanufacturinginChina,thedemandsforr02and2009,itsustainedthepaceofgrowthandincreasedeveryyearcompare,thepurchasingpriceindicesofrawmat%%%,%,%thanthoseinthepreviousyearsrespectivelyin2004,2006,(Taketheyear-on-yeardataas100)

          重污染天气蓝色预警通知

          ByRenZepingZhangLiqun,ResearchTeamon"StudyontheUrbanizationDevelopmentStrategiesintheProcessoftheBuildingofChineseModernRuralAreas"ResearchReportNo200,2011Chinaseconomicandsocialdevelopmenthasadvancedbyleapsandboundsoverthepast30yearssincereformandopeningup,andthecountry,%,,Chinahasaccelerateditseconomicrestructuring,improvedthelivingstandardofitspeople,advanceditsinstitutionalreformingoodorder,remarkablysteppedupitsin,sinceenteringthe21stcentury,araftofobstaclesareinthewayofChinasall-around,coordinatedandsustainabledevelopment,theinveteratestructuralproblemsandtheextensiveeconomicgrowthhavenotbeenchangedradicallyand,imbalanced,uncoordinatedandnon-sustainableissuesstillremaintheglaringproblemsinChina,Chinawilltakescientificdevelopmentasthekeynote,accelerationofthetransformationofthemodeofeconomicdevelopmentasthemainlineandthestrategicreadjustmentoftheeconomicstructureasthemaintseconomicdevelopmenthasbeenmainlycenteredonthegrowthofitsaggregateeconomicvolumeover60yearssincethefoundingofNewChina,Chinawill,inthecomingyears,enterintoaperiodofgreatchangeswiththepromotionofaggregateincreaseandstructuralreformtodevelopsimultaneously,equalstrsCurrentEconomicandSocialDevelopmentatPresentStageThemainbasisforthejudgmentofeconomicdevelopmentatvariousstagesincludeper-capitaincome,consumptionstructure,industrialstructure,levelofindustrializationandlevelofurbanization,laterperiodofindustrializationtothelaterperiodathepatternof"low-costadvantage—middle-andlow-endmanufacturingindustries—investment+production",ChinaisnowfacinganotherimportantopportunityofwhetherChinacansuccessfullystrideintothesecondwaveofeconomicgrowthfuelledbythepatternof"innovation-basedadvantage--high-endmanufacturing+servicesector--innovation+consumption",whichisacriticalmomentforthetransfor50yearsofpilotpractice,especiallysincereformandopeningup,changesofgreathistoricalsigni,China%.In2010,China,surpassingthatofJapanandplacingChina,China,,Chinasper-capitaGDPattheexchangerateofthesameyearreached5,880USdollars,.ChinahasrealizeditseconomictakeoffformorethantwodecadesTheoverviewofthemodernizationhistoryofvariouscountriesindicatesthatmajordevelopedcountrieshaveallundergonevariousstagesintermsofpreparation,takeoff,,Chinahasaccumulatedaraftoffavorableconditionsforsustainingitsrapideconomicgrowth,includingchangeofconsumptionstructureandofintermediatedemandtosupporttheacceleratinggrowthofdomesticdemand;theuneveneconomicdevelopmentleadingtochangeoftheindustrialstructureandtherestructuringoffundsandlaboramongindustries;increaseoffundsandlaborsupply;materialandtechnicalfoundationforsustainingthecontinuousgrowthofsupplyandtheinstitutionalandsocialenvironmentsforfacilitatingtheimprovementofthetotalfactorproductivity;astableandopeninternationalenvironmentandchangeoftheforeigntradestructureandofcomparativeadvantagesfuelledbyimportsubstitutionandtheexport-orientedstrategy,asindustrialstructure,strengthofthemanufacturingindustryandexportstructurethatChinahasalread:firstly,againstthebackdropoftherapidlyincreasingtotalfarmproduce,t%,withapopulationincreaseof300million,%%.Thirdly,afairlycompl,withtherapidincreaseoftheexportvolume,theproportionofsuchprimaryproductsasfarmproduceinexportcommoditieshasdeclineddrastically,,thefocusonmeetingbasicneedsbeingchangedtograduallyadaptingtoconsumptionupgradinganddemanddiversificationindicatesthechangeoftheeconomicstructure,gradingofindustrialstructureDuring1998~2010,Chinasindustrializationandurbanizationgotaccelerated,housingandtransportconsumptionupgradingwerepromoted,externaldemandgrewatahighspeedalongwiththelong-termprosperityoftheworldeconomyafterChinasintegrationintoglobalization,theadvantagesoftheresourceendowmentbroughtaboutthetransferofglobalindustries,andtheformationofdomesticandexternaldemandpu,thenumberoffast-growingindustriesincreasedc,thetransportationequipmentmanufacturingindustry,themetallurgicalindustry,thecoalindustry,thebuildingmaterialandothernonmetallicmineralindustries,theoilindustry,sEconomicGrowthDuring1981~2010Figure4:GrowthofIndustrialValueAddedofVariousRegionsduringJanuary-August2012Whatmeritsattentionisthat,despitetherapidgrowthinChinaswesternregion,thetotalprofitsearnedbyenterprisesinman,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesinChinaswesternregion,thetotalamountofindustrialprofitsearnedby8regionsdecreasedascomparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear,and5oftheregionssawthedecreaseinexcessof20%,andprofitsearnedbyenterprisesinZhejiangineasternChinaandthoseinHainandroppedby20%,thingswerebetterwithChinascentralregion,where5ofthe6provincesmaintainedapositivegrowth,%,allyandtheexport-drivenenterprisesfacethemostdifficulttimeinproductionandoperationInviewoftheultimatedemandimpact,growthofbusinessincomeandprofitsofinvestment-andexport-drivenindustr,salesin%fromJanuarytoAugust,%inthesameperiodoflastyear,,amongothers,suchasnon-metallicmineralproducts(buildingmaterials),smeltingofferrousmetals(ironandsteel),manufacturingofothertransportationandcommunicationequipmentandwastematerials,decreasedbynearly20%orhigheryearonyear,andtheprofitsofexport-drivenchemicalrawmat%%,%,whilesuchratiosofexport-drivenenterprises,exceptforthoseinvolvedinthemanufacturingofinstrumentsandmeters,,theprofitratiosofthech%%respectively,andsuchratiosofotherenterprisesinvolvedintextile,furniture,stationery%-%,showinganoperatingpredicamentonthewhole.

          全国环境保护工作会议在京召开

          ByWangZhonghong,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomy,ShengChaoxun,ReminUniversityofChinaResearchReportNo70,tyofagriculturalproductsThequalitysocessesfromproductionofagriculturalproductsallthroughtothecirculationandconsumptionoftheproducts,improvethetraceabilitysystemforthesafet,thecityofJiangyinhassetupthe"defect-freemeat"traceabilitysafetyinformationplatform,thusrealizingeffectivegovernmentsupervisionoversuchlinksascultivation,,humidity,air-sensitivityandillumination,theHuishanFineVegetableParkofWuxihasuseditssensornetworkcontrolsystemtoconductdigitalizedcontroloverallprocessesofvegetablegrowthtoensurethevegetableproductionis"environment-friendlyandorganic".ricultureUsingInternetofthingstotransformthetraditionalagriculturecanbringaboutaccuratecontrolovertheuseoffarmchemicals,waterandfertilizeraswellasoveranimalhusbandryandaquaculture,cutdownwaste,reducepollution,strengthenepidemicprevention,increaseagriculturalyieldandbeneconductautomaticreal-timecollectionandwirelesstransmissionofdataandcanoffersmarttreatment,ureponds,effectivelyimprovetheenvironmentforthegrowthofrivercrabs,enhancetheoutput,thenetincomeearnedpermucanreach1,,thechickenfarmsoftheDongzhongAnimalHusbandryofJiangsuprovincehasrealizedtheautomaticandaccuratecontroloversuchlinksasfeeding,breedingandcleaning,thusreducingthemanpowerby35%andincreasingthechickensurvivalsfrom93%tomorethan98%andtheeconomicbenefitbymorethan20%.y-makingandcommandlevelUsingtheInternetofthingstomonitorthegrowthofcrops,protectionofforests,animalhusbandryandaquaculturecanhelptoacquireaccurateperceptionsandmaketimely,thecropseedlingmonitoringsystemmountedinMengchengandDingyuanofAnhuiprovince,transmittedtheinformationintimeaboutthegrowthofwheatseedlingsandtheirsufferingfromdisasters,playinganimportant,emergency,communicationandcommandsystemandthroughthelong-distanceforestfireimagemonitoringandcommandsystem,thecityofNanjinghasrealizedthenetworkedlong-distancemonitoringofforestfiresandisinapositiontoconductmulti-levelcontrolandsharingofvideosandpicturesthatfthingstotheagriculturalsectorcanalsoturnfarmersintomodernagriculturalworkerslocallyandincreasefarmers,,bysettinguptheorganicvegetablebasesandthequalitytraceabilitysystem,hasrealizedthedistributionoforganicagriculturalproducts"fromfieldstokitchens",,butfarmerstimebuildingitselfintothelargestenterpriseofInternetofthingsoforganicagricultureintheYangtzeRiverDeltaareatohelp10,ApplyingAgriculturalInternetofThingsRelevantsurveysindicatethatsomeregionshaveattachedgreatimportancet,withthejointeffortsmadebythegovernment,enterprisesandinstitutionsofscientificresearch,greatprogre,tInlightofthestatepolicytowardstheagriculturalInternetofthings,JiangsuandAnhuiprovinceshaveattachedgreatimportancetostrengtheningplanningandguidance,hings(2009~1012)promulgatedinApril2010,JiangsuhasnotedthattheprovincialagriculturalcommissionshallberesponsibleforthedemonstrationprojectsofsmartagricultureandemphasisshouldbelaidondevelopingtheplatformsforpopularizingtheInternetofthingsaswellasplatformsforagriculturalservices,rovincialGovernmentonImplementingtheAgriculturalInformationAll-coverageProjectthatspecialfundsshouldbearrangedfor"acceleratingtheapplicationofsensor,communicationandcomputertechnologiesinagriculture".AnhuiprovincehasalsoputtheagriculturalInternetofthingsinanimportantposition,constantlystrengthenedtheirunderstandingoftherolesofagriculturalInternetofthings,activelystartedvariouskindsofdemonstrationactivitiesandgivenplaytotherolesoftheInternetofthingsindevelopingmodernagriculture. WeiJigangThekeyindustriessuchaspetrochemicals,ironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,equipmentmaking,electronicinformation,lightindustry,textiles,auto-makingandshipbuildingenewcenturyandtheoutburstofthefinancialcrisis,wiskeyindustrieshavedevelopedrapidlyinrecentyearsduetoacceleratedindustrializationandurbanization,high-levelmarketizationandopeningup,continuousscienceandtechnologyadvance,activepolicysupport,richfactorinput,acceleratedtransferofsomeindustriesfromdevelopedcountriestoChina,~2008period,theaverageannualaddedvaluegrowthwasabout20%forthepetrochemicalindustry,morethan20%forthelightindustry,%fortheequipmentindustry,and56%~2007period,%.Theautosalesgrewatanaverageannualrateof21%duringthe2000~erageannualrateofabout30%duringthe2001~%%duringthe2001~2008period,andt%duringthe2002~,,,35milliontonsofprocessedfibers,,,,,,137millionmicrocomputers,560millioncellphones,,nearlyhalfofcellphones,ICs,colorTVsets,displays,programmedswitchboards,thekeyindustries,butmostoftheseindustrieshavemaintainedahigh-growthmommentofChinaonoftenmajorindustries,thedrasticincreaseofgovernmentspending,thesubsidizedsalesofhomeappliancestoruralareas,thetrade-inofautomobilesandhomeappliancesfornewones,theadjustmentoftherealestatetransactiontax,theexemptionofpersonalincometaxfromtheinterestsofsavingsanddeposits,theadjustmentoftariffsforsomeexportproductsandexportrebates,em,thepromotionofemployment,,adjustingindustrialstructure,spurringdomesticdemand,promotingsocialstability,,andsolvedshort-termdifficultiesencounteredinindustrialdevelopment,thusensuringthestayingpowerforsustainedin,,mostofthekeyindustriesmaintainedafairlyhighgrowthbutsomeofthemwereseriously%,%forthechemicalindustry,%%,%,%%,theoutputvalueoftheenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscaletotaled10,,%,theoutputvalueofth%,orup47%,theoutputvalueofthe53,110textileenterprisesabovethestate-designatedscaletotaled3,,%,,%%,%009sincethebeginningofthenewcendastheworldeconomygraduallywarmedup,,,%ndentinnovationcapacity,industriallayoutandownershipstructure.(1)Boththeindependentinththroughthecourseof"import,digestion,absorptionandinnovation".Thankstotheirhighgrowth,thekeyindustrieshavegradu,anewtechnologicalinnovationmodelthatfeaturestheleadingrolesofenterprises,theguidanceofmarketsandthecooperationbetweenenterprises,universitiesandresearchinstitutionshasbeendeveloped,theinnovationoutputshavebeengrowingannually,technologicalbreakthroughshavebeenmadeinsomekeysectors,andtheoverallcapacityforindependentinnovationhasbecomesomewhatstronger.

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